Turning Proverbs Towards Torah: An Analysis of 4Q525 by Elisa Uusimaki

By Elisa Uusimaki

In Turning Proverbs in the direction of Torah, Elisa Uusimäki deals the 1st monograph at the early Jewish knowledge textual content 4Q525 from Qumran. Following the reconstruction of the fragmentary manuscript, Uusimäki analyses the textual content with a spotlight at the reception and renewal of the Proverbs culture and the ways that 4Q525 illustrates points of Jewish pedagogy within the overdue moment Temple interval. She argues that the writer used to be encouraged by way of Proverbs 1-9 yet sought to illustrate that actual knowledge is located within the notion of torah. He additionally weaved dualistic parts and eschatological principles into the knowledge body. The author's goal, Uusimäki argues, is to shape the viewers spiritually, encouraging it to belief in divine safeguard and advantages which are bestowed upon the pious.

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The content-related analysis will begin in chapter two, which forms the core of the book. The aim is to trace the influence of scripture on 4Q525. How did the author use his literary heritage for contemporary pedagogical purposes? How do the scriptural parallels shape the instruction? Previously, scriptural interpretation has typically been addressed regarding pesharim, or such rewritten narrative and legal texts as Jubilees and the Temple Scroll, but poetic texts should also be considered as they may strongly depend on earlier writings.

The back parts of fragments from the second sheet are lighter and the leather is thinner. 39 The fragments of the third sheet may be those following fragment 20 since fragments 14–20 are said to belong to one sheet. On the other hand, Puech remarks that “[l]e scribe a tracé ses lignes à la pointe sèche à partir de marques à l’encre disposées sur les bords des feuilles (frg. 23) qui porte des traces de couture,”40 suggesting that a new sheet does not begin until fragment 23. In any event, most of the fragments numbered as fragments 21–50 are too small for placement.

On the other hand, Puech remarks that “[l]e scribe a tracé ses lignes à la pointe sèche à partir de marques à l’encre disposées sur les bords des feuilles (frg. 23) qui porte des traces de couture,”40 suggesting that a new sheet does not begin until fragment 23. In any event, most of the fragments numbered as fragments 21–50 are too small for placement. Puech’s comments are a valuable source of information, but the suggested sheet division requires reevaluation. As addressed by Puech himself, the colour and thickness of leather fluctuate within a sheet.

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