The Watchers in Jewish and Christian Traditions by Angela Kim Harkins

By Angela Kim Harkins

On the beginning of the Watchers culture is the one enigmatic reference in Genesis 6 to the "sons of God" who had sex with human girls, generating a race of giants upon the earth. That verse sparked a wealth of cosmological and theological hypothesis in early Judaism. right here major students discover the contours of the Watchers traditions via heritage, tracing their improvement in the course of the Enoch literature, Jubilees, and different early Jewish and Christian writings. This quantity presents a lucid survey of present wisdom and interpretation of 1 of the main fascinating theological motifs of the second one Temple interval.

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3, which lacks the obscure wording of MT, the implication of the divine reply seems clear enough: cohabitation of mortals with immortals will not result in enhanced longevity for the former. This verdict sits uneasily with vv. 1-2. Unlike other divine reactions in Genesis 3–11, which target those who transgress the divine will, the present judgment neither affects ‫ בני האלהים‬nor is its impact restricted to their spouses or progeny. Another element conspicuously lacking here is displacement: unlike Adam and Eve, Cain, Noah and the tower-builders, none 14.

4 speak of three groups (sons of God, offspring, Nephilim) or just two (sons of God, offspring/Nephilim)? ” This interjection is troublesome not just because it disrupts the flow of the sentence, but because it is proleptic, implying events that have not yet been narrated. ”17 Whoever the Nephilim were, their chief claim to fame would appear to be the fact that at 17. Hendel, “Demigods,” 22. 32 | The Watchers in Jewish and Christian Traditions some point (after the events of Gen. ) they fell—presumably in battle, if they were warriors.

Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999), 794–800, 794–95. 11. E. Theodore Mullen, The Assembly of the Gods: The Divine Council in Canaanite and Early Hebrew Literature, HSM 24 (Chico, CA: Scholars, 1980). 12. Another text that shares this idiom is Deut. ” MT, with the Samaritan Pentateuch, reads “sons of Israel” in place of this. 13. Their filial connection to God, though seemingly entailed by the moniker, is nowhere elaborated in the Hebrew Bible, but is present, again, in Ugaritic texts concerning El.

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