The Temple and the Community in Qumran and the New by Bertil Gärtner

By Bertil Gärtner

This is often the 1st of a sequence of monograph supplementations to the magazine New testomony experiences. the most goal of the sequence is to make attainable book of labor that's too lengthy for inclusion within the magazine. The monographs might be released in both English, French or German: the current one is in English. Dr G?rtner's objective is to stick with intimately the parallels among the hot testomony and Qumran writings of their concpet of the neighborhood - Christian or Essene - as a non secular temple. the full advanced of relationships among Qumran and the early Church is studied with the aim of extending our wisdom of the Jewish history of the recent testomony. Dr G?rtner's conclusions lend powerful aid to the view that it truly is from this Qumran form of Judaism that the Christian Church arose.

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Additional info for The Temple and the Community in Qumran and the New Testament: A Comparative Study in the Temple Symbolism of the Qumran Texts and the New Testament (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)

Example text

Xv. 17-18 also speaks of the presence of God, Hl'DtP, in the temple of God. 1 Just as the quotation from II Sam. vii. I O - I I was taken to refer to the last days and their temple, so the exposition of Exod. xv. ' The congregation which is to be established in the last days—and a start was made when the Qumran community was founded—is that company of the pure in Israel who now fulfil the prophecy of Nathan. 3 The prophecies of the Old Testament are thus taken to refer not to the Jerusalem temple but to a group of holy persons who constitute the 'new' temple.

2 3 Cf. Jeremias, Golgotha, 5ifF. Cf. below, pp. 76 fF. 27 THE TEMPLE AND THE COMMUNITY the Qumran texts with those of the house and the temple is that of the 'plantation'. The community is called 'an eternal plantation, a holy house for Israel5. The combination seems however to have come about merely by chance, and appears to lack special motivation. The author may simply have adopted another expression for the election and blessing by God of the community: a 'plantation' set by God. But the combination of the two images 'to build u p ' and 'to plant' is found in the Old Testament, for example in Jer.

F. Bruce, Biblical Exegesis in the Qumran Texts (1959), p. 48. Note that while C D . speaks of this as something in the past, 4QFlor. speaks of it as belonging to the future. Thus here, as in so many of the Qumran texts, past, present and future are intimately connected. It seems to me inadequate to try and explain away this fact by referring to changes in the experience of the community. 3 There is an obvious lack of clarity in the interpretation of this text; see M. Burrows, More Light on the Dead Sea Scrolls (1958), pp.

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