The Structure of Intelligence: A New Mathematical Model of by Ben Goertzel

By Ben Goertzel

0. zero Psychology as opposed to advanced structures technological know-how over the past century, psychology has turn into less of an artwork and lots more and plenty extra of a technological know-how. Philosophical hypothesis is out; info assortment is in. in lots of methods this has been a really confident pattern. Cognitive technology (Mandler, 1985) has given us clinical analyses of various clever behaviors: temporary reminiscence, language processing, imaginative and prescient processing, and so on. and because of molecular psychology (Franklin, 1985), we've got a rudimentary figuring out of the chemical methods underlying character and psychological sickness. although, there's a transforming into feeling-particularly between non-psychologists (see e. g. Sommerhoff, 1990) - that, with the recent emphasis on info assortment, anything very important has been misplaced. little or no awareness is paid to the query of the way all of it suits jointly. The early psychologists, and the classical philosophers of brain, have been desirous about the overall nature of mentality up to with the mechanisms underlying particular phenomena. however the new, medical psychology has made disappointingly little growth towards the answer of those extra common questions. a method to accommodate this grievance is to brush off the questions themselves. in any case, one may well argue, a systematic psychology can't be anticipated to accommodate fuzzy philosophical questions that most likely have little empirical signifi­ cance. it really is attention-grabbing that behaviorists and cognitive scientists are usually in contract concerning the query of the general constitution of the mind.

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That you have built a random number generator - a machine which is intended to generate numbers in such a way that each number it generates has absolutely nothing to do with the others. Then how can you test it to see if it works? 3. Quantifying Structure 37 Suppose you tested it and it gave out a hundred zeros in a row. You would probably assume that it was broken. But, statistically speaking, a truly random number generator would generate a hundred zeros in a row sometimes. Not very often, but sometimes.

It is not entirely implausible that the mind deals with each of them in a unique, contextspecific way. But, unlike Minsky and many cognitive scientists, I do not believe this to be the case. Certainly, the mind contains a huge number of specialpurpose procedures. But nearly all the computational problems associated with mental process can be formulated as optimization problems. And I propose that, by and large, there is one general methodology according to which these optimization problems are solved.

So, is (y,A) a pattern in B? Let us assume that the constants a, band c are all equal to 1. We know y*A=B; the question is whether y + A +C(y,A) < B According to the above definitions, y is about 37 symbols long. Obviously this is a matter of the particular notation being used. For instance, it would be less if only one character were used to denote * I' and it would be more if it were written in binary code. And C(y,z) is even easier to compute: there are 24 simple operations involved in the construction of B from A.

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