The Rebirth of the Habsburg Army: Friedrich Beck and the by Scott Lackey

By Scott Lackey

Friedrich Beck used to be the one most vital determine within the transformation of the inept Habsburg army into the trendy army kingdom that might salary international battle I. He effectively perceived that basically an elite physique of officials liable for battle making plans and training may provide lasting protection for the Austro-Hungarian empire. After firmly constructing the overall employees as an establishment, Beck led warfare making plans to counter threats from Russia, Italy, and the Balkans; and spearheaded an enormous rebuilding of the rail community. whereas his upward thrust to strength marked a go back to the "favorite process" of army management of the early Franz Joseph interval, Beck proved himself a guy with actual army skill that revolutionized a military.

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Extra resources for The Rebirth of the Habsburg Army: Friedrich Beck and the Rise of the General Staff (Contributions in Military Studies)

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It had also recast army organization and administration to coincide with the new dualist constitution. While military reformers of the immediate post-war period emulated the Prussian model in many respects, they apparently had not yet grasped the central lesson of the Austro-Prussian War: to be truly effective, modern European armies required the centralized command and control mechanism of a general staff, manned by an elite corps of highly trained officers and entrusted with absolute responsibility for peacetime preparation for war and operative control in wartime.

Many senior officers blamed the general staff as directly responsible for the loss to Prussia. 1 Two former heads of the general staff, Ludwig von Benedek and Alfred von Henickstein, had left the service in disgrace, escaping court-martial only because of the emperor's mercy. Brigadier General Gideon von Krismanich, the former Kriegsschule instructor who had educated large numbers of general staff officers, suffered a similar fate. In the immediate aftermath of defeat, the general staff had only one persistent proponent: Friedrich Beck.

He graduated fourth in his class in the fall of 1854, was promoted to captain, second class and received permanent assignment to the general quartermaster staff. Beck's first appointment as a general staff captain was as a divisional chief of staff in Graz. He joined this command just when another great international crisis in the Balkans threatened the European peace. , the eastern portions of modern-day Romania). While the monarchy did not side against Russia in the ensuing Crimean War, its actions infuriated the Tsarist government, which naturally felt betrayed by the Habsburgs whose rule they had helped restore with blood and money only five years before.

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