The Hongzhou School of Chan Buddhism in Eighth-through by Jinhua Jia
By Jinhua Jia
A finished examine of the Hongzhou university of Chan Buddhism, lengthy considered as the Golden Age of this practice, utilizing many formerly missed texts, together with stele inscriptions.
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Extra resources for The Hongzhou School of Chan Buddhism in Eighth-through Tenth-century China
11 The hagiography of Tianhuang in the SGSZ, which is based on his epitaph written by Fu Zai (b. ”14 Thus, according to the ﬁrst three sources, Tianhuang was Shitou’s disciple, while according to the other three, Tianhuang was Mazu’s disciple, as well as Jingshan’s. Based on the SGSZ version of Tianhuang’s epitaph, he was the common disciple of Jingshan, Mazu, and Shitou, while based on the QTW text, he was enlightened by Shitou, so Shitou was his true teacher, and the ﬁrst three sources seem to be reliable.
First, as mentioned earlier, the body language of holding up a pillow should not have appeared during the time of Mazu and his disciples. 34 With these three ﬂaws, the epitaph can be assumed as a later forgery. 35 The forged epitaph lists Longtan Chongxin as Tianwang Daowu’s disciple, while the epitaph for Tianhuang by Fu Zai does not mention Chongxin at 26 CHAN BUDDHISM IN EIGHTH- THROUGH TENTH-CENTURY CHINA all. 36 However, it is easy to guess why Tianhuang’s epitaph does not mention Chongxin: he was a junior disciple when Tianhuang passed away, as if among the eleven major disciples mentioned in the “Daoyi Stu¯pa,” we could not ﬁnd the names of Baizhang Huaihai, Nanquan Puyuan, and so forth.
25 These assertions are not well founded. First, in an expression such as “Chan Master Ma of Changsongshan,” Changsongshan usually refers to the place in which this Chan master stayed for a long or important period of his teaching or the last years of his life. None of the early sources mentions that Mazu ever stayed in such a place for a long or important period of teaching. 26 However, not only do none of the earlier sources mention this event but also these two later texts state that Mazu left Sichuan immediately after being called by his humble name.