The Hebrew Bible: New Insights and Scholarship (Jewish by Frederick E. Greenspahn

By Frederick E. Greenspahn

In April of 2001, the headline within the la instances learn, “Doubting the tale of the Exodus.” It coated a sermon that were introduced through the rabbi of a favourite neighborhood congregation over the vacation of Passover. In it, he acknowledged, “The fact is that just about each smooth archeologist who has investigated the tale of the exodus, with only a few exceptions, is of the same opinion that the way in which the Bible describes the exodus isn't the method it occurred, if it occurred at all.” This seeming problem to the biblical tale captivated the neighborhood public. but because the rabbi himself said, his sermon contained not anything new. The theories that he defined have been universal wisdom between biblical students for over thirty years, although few humans open air of the career comprehend their relevance.New understandings in regards to the Bible haven't filtered down past experts in college settings. there's a have to converse this study to a much wider public of scholars and trained readers outdoor of the academy. This quantity seeks to satisfy this want, with available and fascinating chapters describing how archeology, theology, old experiences, literary stories, feminist reports, and different disciplines now comprehend the Bible.

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37. Data taken from W. G. Dever, Recent Archaeological Discoveries and Biblical Research (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1990), 106 (for the layout of these gates, see p. 105). 38. I. Finkelstein, “The Rise of Early Israel: Archaeology and Long-Term History,” in S. Ahituv and E. D. , The Origin of Early Israel—Current Debate (Beer-Sheva: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Press, 1998), 7–64. Finkelstein’s chart, on which Figure 2 is based, appears on p. 21. 39. I. Finkelstein, The Archaeology of the Israelite Settlement (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1988).

He tried to understand the nature of archaeological deposits and to excavate accordingly; he also articulated the principles of interpretation. Petrie’s 24 Bible, Archaeology, and the Social Sciences 25 work laid the foundations for scientific excavation and the modern discipline of archaeology. William Foxwell Albright harnessed this new, scientifically grounded discipline for theological purposes. 1 Both his research agenda and the criteria for evaluating the finds were driven by a desire to verify biblical history.

However, the biblical account does not include dateable references, and its internal chronology is problematic. 11 Using the chronological framework provided by these disparate data, scholars correlate the thirteenth-century reign of Pharaoh Rameses II with the biblical account of Israelite labor on the store cities of Pithom and Rameses (Exod 1:11) and begin the Israelite “settlement” in the late thirteenth and early twelfth century. The transition to the United Monarchy of Saul, David, and Solomon would then begin in the late eleventh or early tenth century.

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