The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Politics by Marguerite Deslauriers, Pierre Destrée

By Marguerite Deslauriers, Pierre Destrée

The most influential works within the background of political idea, Aristotle's Politics is a treatise in functional philosophy, meant to notify legislators and to create the stipulations for virtuous and self-sufficient lives for the electorate of a nation. during this better half, distinctive students supply new views at the paintings and its issues. After a gap exploration of the relation among Aristotle's ethics and his politics, the relevant chapters stick with the series of the 8 books of the Politics, taking over questions similar to the position of cause in legitimizing rule, the typical strong, justice, slavery, deepest estate, citizenship, democracy and deliberation, cohesion, clash, legislations and authority, and schooling. The last chapters speak about the interplay among Aristotle's political notion and modern democratic thought. the amount will offer a worthwhile source for these learning historic philosophy, classics, and the background of political proposal.

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For these reasons the captain and the doctor must be able to justify ex post facto that theirs was the right decision, and experts will be able to confirm whether, given the situation, they did the right thing. The same is true in the case of moral actions. Even concerning a quite singular situation the justification must prove that the action was done by the person it should have, to whom it should have, and so on. This justifiability condition does not require that the agent must have acted with a “grand end” in view.

36 works cited Ackrill, J. , 1980. ” In Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, ed. A. O. Rorty. , ed. 1984. The Complete Works of Aristotle. Princeton University Press ¨ R. 1993. ” In Aristote politique. Etudes sur la Politique d’Aristote, eds. P. Aubenque and A. Tordesillas. Paris: PUF Broadie, S. 1993. Ethics with Aristotle. Oxford University Press 34 dorothea frede Cooper, J. M. 1975. Reason and Human Good in Aristotle. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press Kosman, A. 1980. ” In Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, ed.

15. Cf. NE I 7, 1098a26–33; NE II 2 1103b35–1104a11; NE III 5, 111a35–b11; NE IX 2, 1164a27–30. 16. For the comparison of the organization of the state with that of a ship cf. Pol. III 4, 1276b20–29. 17. “Weak universality” of what happens only “for the most part” also applies to certain events in natural science (cf. Phys. ); but in nature the exceptions are due to accidental interferences, not to internal imprecision. 18. This impression owes a lot to Aristotle’s explanation why a thing’s nature cannot be changed by habituation: a stone will never be habituated to move upwards, no matter how often it is thrown up, while human nature is by nature apt to receive the virtues and be made perfect by repetition of the same activity (NE II 1, 1103a21–25).

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