The A to Z of the Renaissance by Charles Garfield Nauert

By Charles Garfield Nauert

Few sessions have given civilization any such powerful impulse because the Renaissance, which begun in Italy after which unfold to the remainder of Europe. in the course of its short epoch, so much vigorously from the fourteen to the 16th centuries, Europe reached again to old Greece and Rome, and driven forward in different fields: paintings, structure, literature, philosophy, banking, trade, faith, politics, and war. this period is inundated with well-known names (Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Petrarch, Machiavelli, Cervantes, and Shakespeare), and the history it left can infrequently be overestimated.

The A to Z of the Renaissance offers info on those fields via its chronology, which lines occasions from 1250 to 1648, and its advent delineating the underlying beneficial properties of the interval. notwithstanding, it's the dictionary part, with hundreds of thousands of cross-referenced entries on well-known people (from Adrian to Zwingli), key destinations, aiding political and social associations, wars, non secular reformations, achievements, and screw ups, that is the center of this e-book. extra study is facilitated by means of the bibliography

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BACON, FRANCIS (1561-1626). English philosopher, essayist, and royal official, knighted by King James VI and eventually raised to the peerage. The son of a high-ranking official of Queen Elizabeth I, under James VI he rose to be lord chancellor, the highest position in the state. Although Bacon was avid for high office and its social and financial rewards, he was also deeply committed to the improvement of education, especially the study of the natural sciences. During his studies at Cambridge University (1573-1575), he became convinced that the traditional scientific method of Aristotle was worthless and that a new science founded on a new scientific method must replace it.

Just as the humanists did with literary texts, he taught directly from the ancient text, giving a philological and historical exposition. This humanistic approach caused great enthusiasm among his students at Avignon and Bourges and came to be known as "the French manner" (mos gallicus), in contrast to the traditional "Italian manner" (mos italicus) which focused attention on the opinions of famous medieval professors. Mos gallicus found more followers in French and German jurisprudence than in Italy, though most followers adopted a hybrid approach that combined the new with the traditional.

French grammarian whose Doctrinale (1199) became the standard textbook of Latin grammar in medieval universities. This collection of doggerel Latin verses became an object of contempt among humanist educational reformers who sought to introduce a more classical style of Latin. In most places, its replacement by a recent humanistic grammar based on the practices of the best classical authors was a major step toward the new educational program of the Renaissance. ALIGHIERI, DANTE. See DANTE. ALTDORFER, ALBRECHT (ca.

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