Tajikistan in the New Central Asia: Geopolitics, Great Power by Lena Jonson
By Lena Jonson
Vital Asia has develop into the battleground for the foremost struggles of the twenty first century: radical Islam as opposed to secularism, authoritarianism as opposed to id politics, japanese as opposed to Western keep an eye on of assets, and the yank ?'War on Terror'. Nowhere are those conflicts extra starkly illustrated than with regards to Tajikistan. Embedded within the oil-rich vital Asian zone, and bordering war-torn Afghanistan, Tajikistan occupies a geo-strategically pivotal place. it's also a massive transit hub for the smuggling of opium, which ultimately leads to the palms of heroin buyers in Western towns. during this well timed publication, Lena Jonson examines Tajkistan's look for a international coverage within the publish 9-11 surroundings. She indicates the interior contradictions of a rustic in each experience on the crossroads, reconciling its bloody previous with an doubtful destiny She assesses the influence of neighborhood advancements at the reform circulate in Tajikistan, and in flip examines how alterations in Tajik society (which is the single crucial Asian kingdom to have a criminal Islamist get together) may have an effect on the sector. The future of Tajikistan is in detail attached with that of critical Asia, and this thorough and penetrating publication is vital studying for an individual looking to make experience of this strategically very important quarter at a second of transition.
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Extra resources for Tajikistan in the New Central Asia: Geopolitics, Great Power Rivalry and Radical Islam (International Library of Central Asia Studies)
The regime may be strengthened by the international attention and economic support, or it may collapse due to discontent as it cannot live up to popular demands and international standards. Second. what are the possible implications if the determinants of foreign policy take a drastically different course compared with the recent years? If the external factors shift-if Russia returns, the USA withdraws, Afghanistan falls back into civil war, or Uzbekistan descends into domestic chaos-how would such developments influence Tajik foreign policy?
According to this view, two factors have been decisive: (a) that a Turcophone BACK TO THE FUTURE? 37 population came to dominate Transoxania as a result of invasions and movements of people over the centuries; and (b) that the nationaladministrative delimitation of Soviet Central Asia in the 1920s denied Tajikistan territories that were regarded as historic Tajik land. Tracing the national-cultural heritage of one state is a highly complicated matter. In Tsarist Russia and in the Soviet Union national groups were classified first and foremost with the help of ethno-linguistic criteria.
From Tajikistan it continues into Uzbekistan to end up in the Aral Sea as the Amudarya. lO Mawarannahr was surrounded also by high mountains, but, like the rivers, the mountains were no hindrance to trade and traffic in ancient times. Through the passes went traders, ambassadors, invaders and ordinary people. Svat Soucek explains: The Pamir ranges fan out through Tajikistan and Sinkiang into Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tibet, and India under such names as Kunlun, Karakoram, Hindukush, and Himalayas.