Socialism and War: The Spanish Socialist Party in Power and by Helen Graham

By Helen Graham

This e-book recovers the misplaced background of Spanish socialism in the course of the turbulent years of the Civil conflict (1936-39). simply because the power of the socialist circulation had sustained the pre-war moment Republic as an test in reform, so too it underwrote the Republican warfare attempt within the an important years of the clash which might be sure Spain's long term destiny. best Socialist celebration (PSOE) cadres shaped the bedrock of the govt., whereas hundreds of thousands of get together and union militants helped endure the great weight of the conflict attempt. The function of the PSOE within the development of Republican political cohesion in the course of the Civil warfare was once pivotal. but, sarcastically, earlier bills of wartime Republican politics have nearly written the PSOE out of the script via concentrating solely at the fierce ideological dispute among anarchists and communists. however the key problems with revolution and country energy marked all of the forces in Republican Spain, none extra so than the Socialist circulation. because the conventional social gathering of the operating classification and the single mass get together in Spain as past due as 1931, PSOE militants have been to be came across on either side of the revolutionary/reformist divide which cut up fatally the Republican forces throughout the Civil conflict. The PSOE's disintegration used to be a functionality of that of the Republic itself; however the opposite was once no much less precise. The booklet investigates the responses of organised socialism to the advanced concerns raised by means of the clash, because it charts the PSOE's devastating adventure of political strength and determined challenge in a battle it will possibly no longer win.

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Extra resources for Socialism and War: The Spanish Socialist Party in Power and Crisis, 1936-1939

Example text

They formed the so-called 'Jupiter Sporting Madrileno' (JSM), a sports club 'cover', in order to maintain intact the Juventud Socialista Madrilena (JSM). 52 Among the caballerista youth leadership, the conditions of the unity agreement provoked little comment. Of those pro-Caballero young socialists who, during the civil war, would violently oppose the JSU and its policies, such as FJS president Carlos Hernandez Zancajo, Leoncio Perez of the Valencian youth federation and FJS/JSU executive committee member, Segundo Serrano Poncela, only the last made public his qualms about the unity agreement at the time it was signed.

Support for Prieto's option, which really aimed at resurrecting a government alliance, would logically mean support forprietista leaders in the party apparatus. To bolster their own authority against the reformist sector Largo Caballero and his supporters sought to attract to themselves the forces of the left. Predominantly, this meant making overtures to the PCE, which they began to do in November 1935. Simultaneously, on 16 November 1935, the PSOE executive formally agreed to commence negotiations with the republican groups.

Such administrative devices would, during the civil war, feature very prominently in the reformist arsenal. The Popular Front Elections: February 1936 The manoeuvres and counter-manoeuvres in the PSOE during January 1936 took place in a wider political context wherein the major concern on the left was the forthcoming negotiations with the republican groups and the nature of any subsequent electoral agreement. For both reformist socialists and progressive republicans the objective was to restore the reforming impetus of the liberal biennium (1931-3) which had been interrupted by the period of clericalconservative government between 1933 and 1935.

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