Revolution and the People in Russia and China: A Comparative by S. A. Smith

By S. A. Smith

A special comparative account of the roots of Communist revolution in Russia and China. Steve Smith examines the altering social identities of peasants who settled in St Petersburg from the Eighties to 1917 and in Shanghai from the 1900s to the Forties. Russia and China, although very diverse societies, have been either dynastic empires with backward agrarian economies that without notice skilled the influence of capitalist modernity. This ebook argues that way more occurred to those migrants than just being reworked from peasants into employees. It explores the migrants' identity with their local houses; how they got new understandings of themselves as contributors and new gender and nationwide identities. It asks how those id differences fed into the broader political, social and cultural approaches that culminated within the progressive crises in Russia and China, and the way the Communist regimes that emerged considered those changes within the operating periods they claimed to symbolize.

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Peasant Economy, Culture and Politics in European Russia, 1800–1921 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991), pp. 52–100. P. G. Ryndziunskii, Krest0iane i gorod v kapitalisticheskoi Rossii vtoroi poloviny XIX veka (Moscow: Nauka, 1983), pp. 102–3. Quoted in U. A. Shuster, Peterburgskie rabochie v 1905–07gg. (Leningrad: Nauka, 1976), p. 23. Introduction 23 redemption payments were abolished completely, and peasants thus regained a right to move freely that they had lost more than 300 years previously.

According to the statistics of the Factory Inspectorate, 40% of the nation’s strikers were to be found in Petersburg province, although the province accounted for only one-tenth of workers under the Inspectorate in 1912–13. 113 108 109 110 111 112 113 Iu. I. Kir0ianov, Perekhod k massovoi politicheskoi bor0be: rabochii klass nakanune pervoi rossiiskoi revoliutsii (Moscow: Nauka, 1987), p. 119. O. S. ) (Ekaterinburg: UrO RAN, 2000), p. 148. Leopold H. ), Strikes, Wars and Revolutions in an International Perspective (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Petersburg and Moscow, 1900–1914 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983), p. 23. Johnson, Peasant and Proletarian, pp. 99–110; R. E. Zelnik, ‘Populists and Workers: The First Encounter between Populist Students and Industrial Workers in St Petersburg, 1971–74’, Soviet Studies, 24, 2 (1972), 251–69. 109 There was nothing intrinsically revolutionary about the Russian working class: it was the political context – the absence of civil and political rights and the perception that a despotic government was in cahoots with unscrupulous employers – that served to politicize economic discontent.

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