Prioritization Theory and Defensive Foreign Policy : by Hanna Samir Kassab
By Hanna Samir Kassab
This e-book stories systemic vulnerabilities and their influence on states and person survival. the writer theorizes that the constitution of the foreign method is a made from the distribution of features and vulnerabilities throughout states. States functionality or behave when it comes to those systemic threats. the writer examines a couple of particular case-studies targeting army, financial, environmental, political and cyber vulnerabilities, and the way diversified states are impacted through them. Arguing that present makes an attempt to securitize those vulnerabilities via protective overseas regulations are principally failing, the books makes the case for prioritizing monetary improvement and human defense.
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Additional resources for Prioritization Theory and Defensive Foreign Policy : Systemic Vulnerabilities in International Politics
S. KASSAB DISTRIBUTION OF CAPABILITIES STATE B STATE A DISTRIBUTION OF VULNERABILITIES Fig. 1 The international system Hypothesis Overview: Systems Creation Versus Systems Destruction The value added here becomes the conceptualization of systems destructive forces in relation to the international system. Great powers with their capabilities or power create the structure of the system, all its rules, norms and social relations (Keohane 1969). Weak states and negative externalities resulting from globalization create vulnerabilities which can in fact alter the international system altogether.
Decision-making is governed by two forces that impact on one another: emotion and reason. Fear impacts our actions INTRODUCTION 21 and may “lead to physiological adjustments to the conditions that aroused response, and often to expressive and adaptive behavior” (Kleinginna 1981, 345). These two forces work together “in the process of judging external events and motivating human social and ethical action” (Sokolon 2006, 4). We prioritize certain vulnerabilities over others and act upon these prioritizations.
The source of war is the international system and its seemingly inevitable anarchy. This is the systemic vulnerability of the international system as theorized by Structural Realism. Throughout, I shall describe cases in which material/natural vulnerabilities, rather than military strength, steer states into defeat, such as the events and strategies used in the Second Punic War. These approaches will be applied to a more contemporary scenario: Russian action in Ukraine. Particularly, I shall illustrate the relationship between Russia’s power accumulation and its dependence on oil’s high price as an inherent natural or material vulnerability.