Population and Society in Contemporary Tibet by Ma Rong

By Ma Rong

This wide survey records Tibetan society over 5 many years, together with inhabitants constitution in rural and concrete components, marriage and migration styles, the upkeep of language and conventional tradition, monetary transitions in relation to source of revenue and intake conduct, academic improvement, and the expansion of civil society and social organisations. as well as family surveys accomplished over 20 years, the e-book presents a scientific research of all on hand social and census information published by means of the chinese language govt, and a radical evaluation of Western and chinese language literature at the subject. it's the first booklet on Tibetan society released in English through a mainland China pupil, and covers numerous delicate matters in Tibetan experiences, together with inhabitants alterations, Han migration into Tibetan parts, intermarriage styles, and ethnic relations.--Ma Rong is a broadly revered demographer and professor of sociology at Peking college. He spent 5 years in internal Mongolia in the course of the Cultural Revolution, and used to be one of many first chinese language scholars to review within the US after Deng Xiaoping's reforms, receiving his doctorate measure from Brown University.-- "The educational examine of Tibet nonetheless suffers from an absence of actual facts and regulations on entry to Tibet for learn. This very worthwhile research increases the standard of the dialogue and aid to right many faulty Western impressions of Tibet." - Gerard Postiglione, collage of Hong Kong-

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First, “Tibetans” as an ethnic group and “Tibet” as a geographic concept do not coincide. Throughout Chinese history “Tibet” has usually referred mainly to central Tibet, including U, Tsang plus Ngari and Chamdo — the geographic areas managed administratively by the Tibetan Kashag Government and from which they collected taxes. When “Tibet” is used in China today it refers to the TAR, which has a similar geographic coverage as in the Qing Dynasty. 1 In this study, discussions about the Tibetan population refer to ethnic Tibetans living 20 Population and Society in Contemporary Tibet in all three areas (TIR).

Wang Shida and Chen Changheng analyzed that set of data in the 1930s, reporting 1,357,722 Tibetans for all Tibetan areas and 1,160,758 Tibetans for the Tibet Area (excluded those living in Sichuan, Qinghai and other provinces) (Hou Yangfang, 2001: 239, 245). The Geographic Distribution and Changes in the Tibetan Population of China 25 In the late 1930s Lin Donghai (who was a member of the 1934 central government delegation to Lhasa headed by Huang Musong) reported that the Tibetan population in 1939 was only between 700,000 and 800,000 (Hong Dichen, 1936: 42; Ma Hetian, 1947c: 586), probably referring only to the Tibet Area.

Generally speaking, the actual number of Tibetans in the early 1950s should be close to the results of the first census (2,753,081). 2 million square kilometers), about one million square kilometers were covered by the census registration and the results showed that the covered area was where about 54 percent of the total Tibetan population lived. 4. 3 * Source: Huang Fensheng, 1985: 384. The land reform program was carried out in the Tibet Area after 1959. Since then, health care and hygiene have improved throughout the Tibet Area.

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