Policy Legitimacy, Science and Political Authority: by Michael Heazle, John Kane
By Michael Heazle, John Kane
Voters count on their elected representatives to pursue reliable coverage and presume this can be securely based at the most sensible to be had wisdom. but while representatives emphasize their reliance on professional wisdom, they appear to defer to humans whose authority derives, no longer politically from the sovereign humans, yet from the presumed goal prestige in their disciplinary bases.
This publication examines the tensions among political authority and specialist authority within the formation of public coverage in liberal democracies. It goals to demonstrate and higher comprehend the character of those tensions instead of to argue particular methods of resolving them. a number of the chapters discover the complexity of interplay among the 2 kinds of authority in numerous coverage domain names so one can establish either universal components and alterations. The coverage domain names coated contain: weather geoengineering discourses; environmental health and wellbeing; biotechnology; nuclear energy; whaling; monetary administration; and using force.
This quantity will attract researchers and to convenors of post-graduate classes within the fields of coverage reports, international coverage decision-making, political technological know-how, environmental reviews, democratic process experiences, and technological know-how coverage studies.
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Extra resources for Policy Legitimacy, Science and Political Authority: Knowledge and action in liberal democracies
Expert results and expert framings where they feed into politics fail most tests of democratic legitimacy, and often of epistemic diversity too. However, nor can we resolve the tension The undead linear model of expertise 19 between expertise and democracy by relying on infinitely extending the public franchise and simply choosing our politics. Collins and Evans (2002: 237) referred to the issue as one of the ‘problem of extension’: how far does public participation go before we lose a sense of the value and proper role of expertise altogether?
The case Using Suryanarayanan and Kleinman (2013a) as the primary articulation of their case, their aim is to explain the ‘asymmetrically large influence of toxicologists’ (2013a: 218) and show how ‘credibility’ and ‘influence’ in disputes over knowledge ‘is shaped by the historically established social organization of knowledge production. Certain forms of knowledge production—epistemic forms—gain credibility over time and become institutionalized’ (2013a: 219; emphasis in original). According to Suryanarayanan and Kleinman, toxicologists ‘conceptualize’ Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) as a ‘complex, multifactorial phenomenon’ but their ‘experimental research is animated by’ efforts to ‘isolate individual factors and their direct, causal roles’ (2013a: 229).
Habermas, J. 1971. Toward a Rational Society. London: Heinemann Educational Books. Hajer, M. 2003. ‘Policy Without Polity? ’ Policy Science, 36(2): 175–95. Hilgartner, S. 2000. Science on Stage: Expert Advice as Public Drama. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. On the interaction of political and expert authority 15 Hisschemoller, M. 2005. ’ In Democratization of Expertise? Exploring Novel Forms of Scientific Advice in Political Decision-Making. S. Maasen and P. Weingart (eds). Dordrecht: Springer.