Plato's Invisible Cities: Discourse and Power in the by Adi Ophir

By Adi Ophir

This e-book deals an unique and designated examining of Plato's Republic, the most influential philosophical works within the emergence of Western philosophy. the writer discusses the Republic when it comes to discursive occasions and political acts. Plato's act is positioned within the context of a politico-discursive challenge in Athens on the finish of the 5th and the start of the fourth century B.C that gave upward push to the dialogue's basic query, that of justice. The originality of Dr. Ophir lies within the means he reconstructs the Republic's varied spatial settings - utopian, legendary, dramatic and discursive - utilizing them because the major thread of his interpretation. opposed to the heritage of Plato's critique of the agency of civic-space within the Greek polis, the writer relates the spatial settings within the Plato textual content to one another. this offers a foundation for a re-assessment of the connection among philosophy and politics, which Plato's paintings advocates, and which it really enacted.

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Extra resources for Plato's Invisible Cities: Discourse and Power in the Republic

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Rather, he had to operate within that structure since it was part of that discourse in which he learned to speak, to think, to philosophize. Plato did touch upon the nature of the opposition between man and gods (the philosopher, the immortality of the soul), and between man and beasts (the tyrant, the mob); and, joining others in a debate about the place of women in the polis, he tried to eliminate the demarcating line between man and woman. 35 But the very position of man between gods and beasts and his systematic demarcation from various 'others’ (barbarian, slave, woman) are never called into question.

Fantasy of a heavenly civic space Let us take a quick look at another example, one in which the subversion of the discursive formation is thematized, developed and ridiculed in a comedy: Aristophanes’ Birds. The play is the story of a bold, fantastic attempt to blur some crucial lines in the demarcating structure. The dissolution of those lines creates a lot of fun, and at the same time provides an opportunity for a severe criticism of the deteriorating Athenian empire (Arrowsmith 1973). Only one impossible step is made in the play – two men fly like birds – but this step transforms the structure of the human condition; everything else is logically compatible with the new relations among the old components of the human situation placed in their new structure (McLeish 1980:67–71).

404b–c). The more general line between raw and cooked food is also present in our text; cooked food is absent in the first version of 'the healthy city’ (372a–c) and only cooked vegetables (the acorn among them) are to be found in the second version of that city. Though echoed in no fewer than three loci in our text (372a–d, 404b–c, 565d), the line between raw and cooked food is not unequivocal in demarcating man from beasts. As Detienne puts it, 'bestiality begins with omophagy and ends with allelophagy’ (Detienne 1979:57).

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