Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XII: 1994 by C. C. W. Taylor

By C. C. W. Taylor

This is often the most recent quantity of an annual booklet that comes with unique articles--which can be of considerable length--on quite a lot of themes in old philosophy, and evaluation articles of significant books.

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Rather, he had to operate within that structure since it was part of that discourse in which he learned to speak, to think, to philosophize. Plato did touch upon the nature of the opposition between man and gods (the philosopher, the immortality of the soul), and between man and beasts (the tyrant, the mob); and, joining others in a debate about the place of women in the polis, he tried to eliminate the demarcating line between man and woman. 35 But the very position of man between gods and beasts and his systematic demarcation from various 'others’ (barbarian, slave, woman) are never called into question.

Fantasy of a heavenly civic space Let us take a quick look at another example, one in which the subversion of the discursive formation is thematized, developed and ridiculed in a comedy: Aristophanes’ Birds. The play is the story of a bold, fantastic attempt to blur some crucial lines in the demarcating structure. The dissolution of those lines creates a lot of fun, and at the same time provides an opportunity for a severe criticism of the deteriorating Athenian empire (Arrowsmith 1973). Only one impossible step is made in the play – two men fly like birds – but this step transforms the structure of the human condition; everything else is logically compatible with the new relations among the old components of the human situation placed in their new structure (McLeish 1980:67–71).

404b–c). The more general line between raw and cooked food is also present in our text; cooked food is absent in the first version of 'the healthy city’ (372a–c) and only cooked vegetables (the acorn among them) are to be found in the second version of that city. Though echoed in no fewer than three loci in our text (372a–d, 404b–c, 565d), the line between raw and cooked food is not unequivocal in demarcating man from beasts. As Detienne puts it, 'bestiality begins with omophagy and ends with allelophagy’ (Detienne 1979:57).

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