Ludwig Wittgenstein (Reaktion Books - Critical Lives) by Edward Kanterian

By Edward Kanterian

Ludwig Wittgenstein is usually regarded as the best thinker seeing that Immanuel Kant, and his own lifestyles, paintings, and his old second intertwined in a desirable, advanced internet. famous student Edward Kanterian explores those intersections in Ludwig Wittgenstein, the most recent identify within the acclaimed severe Lives series.

Wittgenstein’s works—from Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus to the posthumously released Philosophical Investigations­—are notoriously dense, and Kanterian rigorously distills them right here, providing thought-provoking new interpretations. but the philosopher’s passions weren't exclusively restricted to theoretical musings, and the ebook explores Wittgenstein’s immersion in artwork and track and his social place as a member of the delicate Viennese top classification on the flip of the century. His own relationships additionally provide insights into his concepts, as he used to be associates with the best thinkers of the 20 th century, together with John Maynard Keynes, George Edward Moore, Bertrand Russell, and Gilbert Royle. The thinker used to be additionally deeply suffering from moral and spiritual questions, and his inner turmoil, Kanterian argues, supplies us a deeper knowing of the $64000 conflicts and tensions of his age. eventually, the writer contends, Wittgenstein’s lifestyles finds insights into the moral quandaries of our personal time.

A readable and concise account, Ludwig Wittgenstein is an informative, available creation to the single of the best thinkers of our age.

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Sample text

Thoughts are not material objects; they do not have spatio-temporal and physical properties, but are ‘abstract’, like numbers. The reference is the truth-value of the sentence, ‘The True’ or ‘The False’, which are also abstract objects. Thus every true sentence refers to the object the True. But, as Wittgenstein noted, this commits the mistake of assimilating sentences to names, for it is the primary function of names to refer to objects. ). Wittgenstein also rejected Frege’s account of intentionality, of the directedness of our thoughts and how they reach out to reality.

The friendship with Russell received a blow from which it did not recover, while that with Moore suffered a serious setback and took many years to heal. We do not know exactly what happened between Wittgenstein and Russell but presumably early in 1914 Wittgenstein sent the latter a (lost) letter attempting to settle open issues in their relationship, including possibly Wittgenstein’s dislike for Russell’s libertarian lifestyle, but also differences in their attitude to scientific work. Russell seems to have been offended and his reaction, as he himself put it, was ‘sharp’.

In March 1913 Wittgenstein’s first publication came out, a short review of a logic textbook by P. Coffey written for the Cambridge Review. The sharply critical review, the only one of its kind he ever wrote, smacked of overconfidence: In no branch of learning can an author disregard the results of honest research with so much impunity as he can in Philosophy and Logic. To this circumstance we owe the publication of such a book as Mr Coffey’s ‘Science of Logic’: and only as a typical example of the work of many logicians of to-day does this book deserve consideration.

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