Liquid Explosives by Jiping Liu
By Jiping Liu
The booklet drawing at the author’s approximately part a century of full of life fabrics examine adventure intends to systematically evaluation the worldwide researches on liquid explosives. The booklet specializes in the examine of the notion, explosion mechanism, houses and training of liquid explosives. It presents a mixture of theoretical wisdom and functional examples in a reader-friendly variety. The e-book is perhaps curiosity of collage researchers and graduate scholars within the fields of vigorous fabrics, blasting engineering and mining.
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Additional resources for Liquid Explosives
Slowing down results in the slower combustion, to burning off. Whether an explosive explodes ﬁnally is determined by its combustion speed. 2 Combustion of Volatile Liquid Explosives Liquid explosives have different volatilities, which varied the combustion processes. The important characteristic is the variation of reaction phase in the combustion reactions. Generally, because alkyl nitrates and some of alkene nitrates are highly volatile, their combustion reactions proceed in gas state. In contrast, the combustion reactions of nitroglycerine, azide nitrate ether, and aqueous hydrazine proceed in both gas and solid phases.
So within the detonation wave front range, there is a chemical peak pressure increase zone of chemical peaks. The pressure distribution inside the chemical peaks depends on chemical kinetics of chemical reaction zone. If the state point moves down from point P or P′, the state point is an isentropic curve, which conflicts with the second law of thermodynamics (principle of entropy increase for any spontaneous process). If the state point moves up, it compresses the 38 2 Explosion Features of Liquid Explosive Materials production.
The combination of exothermicity and endothermicity complicates the chemical reactions, and results in the parameter distribution characteristics of macrokinetics different from detonation characteristics of general high-energy explosives. To study the detonation of liquid explosives and its spreading/transportation, nitromethane, nitroglycerine, diethyleneglycol dinitrate, and methyl nitrite are designed as the objectives of liquid explosives to study the chemical dynamics and the complex unsteady process of shock waves’ combustion.