Linguistic Evidence For The Pre-Exilic Date Of The Yahwistic by Rick Wright

By Rick Wright

For the previous few a long time an increasing number of students have tried to overthrow the normal Wellhausian view that the socalled 'Yahwist' or 'J' resource of the Pentateuch is the oldest of the 4 significant resources. those students have argued that 'J' was once composed through the exilic or post-exilic sessions of historical Israel. Their arguments have curious about the literary, historiographic, and theological features of 'J'. This ebook makes an attempt to reconsider on linguistic grounds such efforts to put the Yahwist resource within the exilic or post-exilic classes.

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26. 35. Kutscher, The Language and Linguistic Background of the Isaiah Scoll ( IQIsa), p. 451. 36. Hurvitz, A Linguistic Study of the Relationship between the Priestly Source and the Book of Ezekiel, p. 25. 37. Hurvitz, A Linguistic Study of the Relationship between the Priestly Source and the Book of Ezekiel, p. 25; Kutscher, The Language and Linguistic Background of the Isaiah Scoll ( IQIsa), p. 445: 'process of analogy'. TQU and Pentateuch (excluding J) Joshua-Kingss Post-exilic texts 20 16 2 2 0 17 4 0 0 1 1 2 Post-exilic texts show a marked preference for the longer forms DiTQU and DiTTim.

11 This long waw-consecutive occurs 94 times for the 1st person singular in the Bible. It occurs rarely in pre-exilic and exilic texts: Gen. 6; Josh. 8; Judg. 12; 1 Sam. 28, 28. 15;12 2 Sam. 16;13 Jer. 18; Ezek. 1. It occurs predominantly in post-exilic texts, however: Zech. 13; Ps. 6; Neh. 22; Dan. 14 Although the wavy-consecutive appears several times in pre-exilic and exilic texts, the normal waw-consecutive TtDpN] pattern is more common. The ratio of normal to long wavy-consecutive forms in early texts is 11:1 in Joshua, 10:3 in Judges, 9:2 in 1 Samuel, 39:1 in Jeremiah, and 57:3 in Ezekiel.

The 'strong waw' is 'a Waw which has vowel a that adds some force (like that of the definite article and that of the interrogative pronoun) to the following consonant, which, as a consequence, is doubled'; Joiion-Muraoka, Grammar of Biblical Hebrew, p. 139, §47a. Hence the alternation between 7bjT and vwro'-conversive 7"bp'1. H. D. Young. See Gordon, UT, II, pp. D. Young, 'The Origin of the Waw Conversive JNESS 12 (1953), pp. 248-52. For the contrary view, see Joiion-Muraoka, Grammar of Biblical Hebrew, p.

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