Knowledge Annotation: Making Implicit Knowledge Explicit by Alexiei Dingli

By Alexiei Dingli

Did you ever learn anything on a publication, felt the necessity to remark, took up a pencil and scribbled anything at the books’ text’? if you happen to did, you simply annotated a publication. yet that method has now turn into whatever primary and innovative today of computing. Annotation is all approximately including extra details to textual content, images, videos or even to actual gadgets. In perform, something that are pointed out both almost or bodily may be annotated.

In this ebook, we are going to delve into what makes annotations, and examine their value for the longer term evolutions of the net. we'll clarify why it was once considered unreasonable to annotate records manually and the way internet 2.0 is making us reconsider our ideals. we are going to take a look at instruments which utilize man made Intelligence strategies to aid humans within the annotation activity. at the back of those instruments, there exists a massive estate of the net referred to as redundancy; we are going to clarify what it's and exhibit the way it should be exploited. eventually we are going to gaze into the crystal ball and spot what we would anticipate to determine within the future.

Until humans comprehend what the internet is all approximately and its grounding in annotation, humans can't begin appreciating it. And till they achieve this, they can not begin growing the net of the future.

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Extra info for Knowledge Annotation: Making Implicit Knowledge Explicit

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First of all, different media types would make the embedding of annotations within the document difficult. Secondly, a document can have an infinite number of annotations. In extreme cases, the annotations would outweigh the actual document and obscure its content. For 1 This term was first used in a talk which Professor Nelson gave in 1965 entitled Computers, Creativity, and the Nature of the Written Word. html A. Dingli: Knowledge Annotation: Making Implicit Knowledge Explicit, ISRL 16, pp. 35–42.

Today’s documents are extremely rich, having all sorts of media; text, images, video, music, etc all interlinked together using hyperlinks. Unfortunately, the downside of this proliferation of the web is that users are simply not coping with the myriad of information available [122] [16] [27]. This is normally referred to as the problem of information overload. This problem grew due to a number of different factors combined together. Coffman in [61] and [62] analysed the rapid expansion of the internet and he found that as a result of more and more people gaining access to the network, new pages containing all sorts of information are being created.

Another interesting aspect is the psychological one. Manual annotation is a very tedious task and in fact, a lot of projects spend incredible sums of money to employ manual annotators. However, on the social sites, annotations are inserted freely by the users. Future chapters will delve into this topic and explore why people provide free annotations on social sites even though the task at hand is still a tedious one. Other systems such as [210] try to go a step further by semi-automating the annotation process with regards to people in images.

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