Japan's Foreign Aid (Old continuities and new directions) by David Arase

By David Arase

Filling a spot within the latest literature, this e-book analyzes the designated positive aspects of Japan’s improvement relief, particularly technical co-operation, compared to different donors’ aid. Incorporating a wealth of research, it discusses even if Japan is at the back of different prime donor international locations in rethinking its reduction coverage and no matter if it lacks transparency, sensitivity to recipient wishes, and a coherent and coordinated coverage that pursuits poverty.

The quantity assesses the character and effectiveness of the management of Japan’s relief, and explores the measure of involvement of non-public zone and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). together with contributions from specialists with direct adventure with jap ODA, the book provides quite a lot of recipient and donor viewpoints and offers vital coverage recommendations.

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Loutfi (1973); Olson (1970); Emmerson (1971). Hasegawa (1975). Hoffmann (1985); Ensign (1992); Hook and Guang Zhang (1998); Söderberg (1996). Hanabusa (1991). Katada (2002); Hook and Guang Zhang (1998). Rix (1980). Arase (1995). See, for example, Orr (1990); Koppel and Orr (1993); Islam (1991). Miyashita (2003). The latest examples are Pakistan, India (where Japan dropped the aid sanctions it imposed after these two countries tested nuclear weapons in 2000), and US-occupied Iraq. Introduction 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 19 Asahi Shimbun (1985); Mainichi Shimbun (1990); Doi et al.

16 This lack of direction has been alleviated to some degree by the Medium Term Policy on ODA, which sets out priority sectors and issues, both in general and by region. However, it remains to be seen how this will be translated into practice. Up until now, as the next section shows, while Japanese pronouncements on the aid agenda have been in line with the international community’s, its aid allocations have not followed suit. 2 percent). As discussed above, this was the fashion of most development agencies a few decades ago, but most donors have downsized their infrastructure allocations and increased their lending to other dimensions of development.

43 In 1996 the Operations Evaluation Department of the World Bank reviewed the Bank’s technical assistance, which at the time occupied about 10 percent of the Bank’s portfolio, comprising 136 free-standing loans (averaging about $20 million each) and technical assistance components (ranging from $200,000 to $50 million each) of about 1,300 other loans (this is in addition to the hundreds of millions of dollars The World Bank, Japan, and aid effectiveness 35 that flow through the Bank’s grants and trust funds).

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