Healing in the Theology of Saint Ephrem by Aho Shemunkasho

By Aho Shemunkasho

Ephrem, the main celebrated author of the Syriac Church, offers quite a lot of theological subject matters and pictures which are attribute of fourth-century Syrian Christianity. an important topic that not anyone has but studied in Ephrem, or in the other Syriac author for that topic, is the idea that of disorder and therapeutic. during six chapters, this e-book offers the importance of therapeutic theology and the ways that the therapeutic of guy - spiritually, mentally, and corporally - is extremely valued through Ephrem.

After an introductory dialogue at the position of historic drugs in society with recognize to faith, philosophy, and technology, the booklet considers the idea that of therapeutic and therapeutic imagery in 3 chosen Syriac works that predate Ephrem: the Odes of Solomon, the Acts of the Apostle Judas Thomas, and Aphrahat's Demonstrations. this can be via an in depth presentation of Ephrem's therapeutic terminology, reading using major phrases in terms of affliction and therapeutic, and the way Ephrem's utilization compares with comparable phrases hired within the Bible. The booklet then specializes in Ephrem's exegesis of biblical passages that take care of therapeutic, how he comprises Biblical references to therapeutic and ailment in his theological language, and the way he develops and makes use of them in his arguments opposed to heresies and fake interpretations of God's word.

The major a part of the booklet offers with the reasons of religious affliction and the method of therapeutic, and how within which Ephrem locations them within the divine historical past of salvation. the reason for religious disorder is sin that's the results of the misuse of man's loose will and the effect of man's enemy, i.e., devil, the Evil One. Ephrem is familiar with Adam and Eve's expulsion from paradise as a "fall" right into a kingdom of illness. God offers heavenly medication for humanity, first via His selected humans, the patriarchs and the prophets, after which via His Son who's the surgeon par excellence and the medication of lifestyles that also is found in the Church's sacraments for the trustworthy.

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Both terms ‘limbs’ and ‘my body’ refer to physical sickness and healing, and do not specifically indicate spiritual healing. But, the fact that the Odist’s heart is lifted up and he is pleased to praise the Lord by using his name, shows peace and health within. The term ‘body’ (‫ ) ܓ ܐ‬also appears in Odes 22 and 39. 5 3 The verb ‘and it stood for’ ( ‫ )ܘ‬is singular and refers to the term ‘my body’. The other manuscript has the plural form ‘and they stood for ( ‫ )ܘ‬which refers to the ‘sicknesses’ (‫) ̈ܪܗ ܐ‬.

22 Several different terms are used to describe sickness of the body and soul and disease in this corporeal world. 23 The text does not provide any (‫ܐ‬ information about what kind of sickness it is. Likewise, in chapter 20, the term ‘sick’ (‫ܐ‬ ) is used for sick people without any further definition of their sickness. 24 Chapter 28 illustrates some of the consequences of leading an immoral life. While fornication, covetousness and the service of demons are considered as the three heads of wickedness: ‘fornication blinds the intellect, and darkens the eyes of the soul; it confuses the steps of the body, and changes its complexion, and 18 19 20 21 22 Acts of Thomas, ‫[ ܪܘ‬37].

Philo understands θεραπευω primarily in a spiritual sense, referring to teaching or contemplating. 50 Wells, 115-16. ‘Thus Philo and Josephus’ use of it (θεραπευω) in a secular context differs greatly from its use in a spiritual context. In a spiritual and teaching context the verb θεραπευω refers primarily to the health and well-being of the soul, and the nurturing of the God-human relationship. 46 INTRODUCTION 15 spiritual community. 52 Otherwise, all four terms (υγιαινω, ιαοµα, θεραπευω, σωζω) and their derivatives in the synoptic Gospels are used to depict the healing ministry of Jesus.

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