Germanic Linguistics: Syntactic and Diachronic by Rosina L. Lippi-Green, Joseph C. Salmons

By Rosina L. Lippi-Green, Joseph C. Salmons

This quantity offers 10 revised and extended papers chosen from a Michigan-Berkeley Germanic Linguistics Roundtable which fascinated with syntax and ancient linguistics. The authors commence from present theoretical discussions in syntactic and diachronic learn, utilizing idea to deal with longstanding difficulties in Germanic linguistics, from clitic placement and verb-second phenomena in the course of the "Verscharfung" to the Twaddellian view of "umlaut". every one contribution depends on facts located within the appropriate comparative context, Germanic, Indo-European and cross-linguistic.

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Germanic Linguistics: Syntactic and Diachronic

This quantity provides 10 revised and increased papers chosen from a Michigan-Berkeley Germanic Linguistics Roundtable which interested by syntax and historic linguistics. The authors commence from present theoretical discussions in syntactic and diachronic examine, utilizing concept to handle longstanding difficulties in Germanic linguistics, from clitic placement and verb-second phenomena throughout the "Verscharfung" to the Twaddellian view of "umlaut".

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But in such circumstances the events are immediately observable and epistemic judgments about them are inappropriate. In making epistemic judgments about the present, then, the progressive is used to convey the notion of duration if the verb itself, that is, the infinitive, does not. The progressive is also used when making epistemic judgments about the future, as the example in (22) above demonstrates. As discussed above, this use of the progressive does not typically involve the notion of duration.

10 (17) He may recognize the man. This tells us that the lack of control, which is associated with the lack of agentivity of these verbs, rules out the deontic reading. We cannot get a deontic reading because of the absence of control of the subject over the verbal action. The absence of stativity or duration does not rule out an epistemic reading, however. That is, neither stativity nor durativity appear to be a necessary condition for epistemic modality, since an epistemic reading is possible even without a stative or durative predicate.

The only way to account for them would be to assume that there is some feature of Comp that requires it to be lexicalized and which stipulates that the finite verb cannot be in the first position in V2 clauses (declaratives). Both of these meet with empirical and conceptual problems. All of the data and problems that he presents make perfect sense, however, if one assumes the two functional head positions indicated in (9) and that the subject moves nor farther than to Spec AgrP and the verb no farther than the Agr position, 7 See especially his (1993) and (1991a) discussions of complementizer agreement in Germanic dialects, indefinite clitics in certain dialects of Dutch, clitic climbing in Standard Dutch, and extraction out of embedded verb second clauses.

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