Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang by James Millward

By James Millward

Eurasian Crossroads is the 1st entire background of Xinjiang, the mammoth significant Eurasian quarter bordering India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Mongolia. Forming one-sixth of the People's Republic of China (PRC), Xinjiang stands on the crossroads among China, India, the Mediterranean, and Russia and has, because the Bronze Age, performed a pivotal function within the social, cultural, and political improvement of Asia and the realm. Xinjiang was the hub of the Silk highway and the conduit by which Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam entered China. It used to be additionally the purpose at which the chinese language, Turkic, Tibetan, and Mongolian empires communicated and struggled with each other. Xinjiang's inhabitants includes Kazakhs, Kirghiz, and Uighurs, all Turkic Muslim peoples, in addition to Han chinese language, and competing chinese language and Turkic nationalist visions proceed to threaten the region's political and monetary balance. along with separatist matters, Xinjiang's strength assets, strategic place, and swift improvement have won it overseas recognition in contemporary decades.Drawing on basic assets in different Asian and ecu languages, James Millward provides a radical research of Xinjiang's historical past and other people from antiquity to the current and takes a balanced examine the location of Turkic Muslims in the PRC this present day. whereas delivering clean fabric and views for experts, this attractive survey of Xinjiang's wealthy environmental, cultural, and ethno-political historical past is additionally written for tourists, scholars, and someone wanting to know about this very important connector among East and West.

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Extra resources for Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang

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THE CLASSICAL PERIOD 25 campaigned west to Xinjiang in order to undermine its nomad adversary's resource base and thus reduce its ability to harass north China. 39 This is a pattern we will see again. MEASURED AUTONOMY AND CONTINUED CONNECTIONS, 3RD-6TH CENTURIES The situation in Xinjiang during the three hundred years following the decline of the Xiongnu and fall of the Han is poorly documented historically. Due to political and military chaos in China, north-China-based states managed only limited and sporadic involvement in the Tarim Basin.

MEASURED AUTONOMY AND CONTINUED CONNECTIONS, 3RD-6TH CENTURIES The situation in Xinjiang during the three hundred years following the decline of the Xiongnu and fall of the Han is poorly documented historically. Due to political and military chaos in China, north-China-based states managed only limited and sporadic involvement in the Tarim Basin. But although this period is often treated as a kind of dark age in China, trade, diplomatic and religious communications remained vibrant in the Tarim Basin and even continued to link north-western China with India and Soghdiana.

3. Translation Giles (1981: 5—6). 28 ANCIENT ENCOUNTERS Kucha was another great Buddhist city in the third and fourth centuries. We know that the Kucheans [had] a walled city and suburbs. The walls are threefold. Within are Buddhist temples and stupas numbering a thousand. The people are engaged in agriculture and husbandry. The men and women cut their hair and wear it at the neck. 46 Kucha was one of the most important Buddhist centres in Central Asia, and the birthplace of Kumarajiva (Ch. Jiumoluoshi; 343P-413 CE), a celebrated Buddhist monk born of an Indian father and Kuchean mother.

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