Environmental Policy In Japan by Hidefumi Imura, Miranda A. Schreurs
By Hidefumi Imura, Miranda A. Schreurs
Scanned and OCRed book
Japanese environmental administration type is in lots of methods designated from that present in Europe or the us. there's much less emphasis on litigation, extra emphasis on administrative suggestions and enormous use of voluntary mechanisms for coverage implementation. This quantity considers what elements can have contributed to Japan's particularly winning efforts at facing serious commercial toxins and difficulties linked to fast urbanization. The e-book introduces Japan's environmental historical past, its key environmental laws and the forces that experience pushed Japan to introduce those environmental rules and courses. It additionally examines a number of the formal and casual institutional mechanisms and coverage tools which have been brought over the last a number of many years to enforce pollutants keep watch over and effort conseration. The authors finish through placing Japan's environmental coverage studies in comparative standpoint and contemplating what valuable classes might be drawn from the japanese event for constructing countries. delivering an in depth research of environmental guidelines and coverage tools in Japan through best specialists within the box, this e-book should be of serious curiosity to scholars of environmental coverage and politics and policymakers keen on environmental safeguard in Asia.
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Additional info for Environmental Policy In Japan
2 16 Question: Which of the following ideas is closer to your own view? (A) We must endeavor to conserve resources and the environment even if it might lower the rate of economic growth. (B) Conservation of resources and environment must be sought within the limit of not undermining economic and income growth (year of questionnaire, 1990). Responses: Close to (A) Rather closer to (A) Rather closer to (B) Close to (B). 7 Notes: *Per cent. Sources: Environment Agency (1976), Annual Report on the Quality of Environment 1976, Tokyo: Okurasho Insatsukyoku, chapter 2, section 3 and Environment Agency (1992), Annual Report on the Quality of Environment, 1992, Tokyo: Okurasho Insatsukyoku, chapter 2, section 2.
5 times the size of the United Kingdom (UK). Still, Japan's habitable area is extremely limited; steep mountains, volcanic land, and hills cover about 70 per cent of the land (Statistics Bureau 2002). 1). The climate in this corridor is mild and the transportation network is highly developed. Arable land is used intensively. Coastal regions, especially around the three large metropolitan areas of Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka, are especially congested. Many industrial complexes and energy facilities, including power plants and oil refineries have been constructed in the coastal plains (The Asahi Shimbun 2002).
But forests on flat lands have rapidly disappeared and the suburbs of large cities are losing their greenery as well. Domestic forest industries could not compete with imported timber because of high labor costs and steep mountainous conditions, which are unsuitable for commercial timber production. Japan is now the largest timber importer in the world and is often criticized for cutting trees abroad. 2 million cubic meters in 2000 (Yano Tsuneta Kinenkai 2003, p. 179). The increasing productivity gap between the manufacturing industry and primary industry sectors has been a result of market globalization.