Emotions in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy by Simo Knuuttila

By Simo Knuuttila

Feelings are the focal point of extreme debate either in modern philosophy and psychology and more and more additionally within the background of principles. Simo Knuuttila's booklet is the 1st finished survey of philosophical theories of feelings from Plato to Renaissance occasions, combining cautious old reconstruction with rigorous philosophical research. Philosophers, classicists, historians of philosophy, historians of psychology, and someone drawn to emotion will locate a lot to stimulate them during this interesting ebook.

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Enjoying a bodily pleasure is to be pleasantly aware that something Press, 1994); Cooper (1999), 242–3. 13, 1102b13–1103a3, Aristotle draws a distinction between rational and non-rational parts of the soul and divides the non-rational part into a vegetative element and a desiderative element which shares in reason. I shall return to this theory. 11. 10–11 what epithumia is by way of telling what gives pleasure to people. 2, 1220b12–14. See also Rhet. 12, 1388b32–3: ‘By emotions I mean anger, appetite, and the like that are discussed already’.

O. Rorty, Mind in Action (Boston: Beacon Press, 1988), 113–15. 69 On the emotions of animals in Aristotle, see Sorabji (1993), 55–8; J. ’, Apeiron, 29 (1996), 105–44. One of the contexts in which Aristotle deals with animal emotions is the discussion of the physiognomic traits of people. In Aristotle’s view these were best discerned by comparing people with animals. See p. 34 above. Emotions in Ancient Philosophy 37 discussion, beliefs and not mere impressions or appearances are involved in its occurrence.

60 In On respiration Aristotle states that the increase of cold near the heart, which may be due to disease or to fear, causes contraction and palpation. Correspondingly, pulsation and expansion are caused by an increase in heat. When the hot blood is concentrated in the heart, fleeing the increased cold, it is rushed into so small a space that sometimes life is extinguished and the animals die of fear (497b24–6). 61 For Aristotle’s sketchy remarks on the mechanism of heating and chilling and the movements of the innate pneuma (sumphuton pneuma), see Tracy (1969), 354–9, and the more detailed accounts in Nussbaum (1978), 143–64, and G.

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