Concrete Solutions by Michael Grantham, Carmelo Majorana, Valentina Salomoni

By Michael Grantham, Carmelo Majorana, Valentina Salomoni

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Thus it is important to clarify at which water content and water distribution this problem occurs for proper management. e. where most electromigration occurs), but where that is at pore level is not clarified in depth in these highly inhomogeneous pore systems. The relative effects on the flow pattern of surface charge, electric double layer thickness, ion concentration in pore solution outside the double layer, pore geometry, tortuosity pore size distribution, water content etc. need clarification in order to optimize the electrokinetic extraction methods.

Therefore, unlike steel 17 remained meager due to the requirement of special anodes that are often expensive. In a previous investigation the authors have reported the efficacy of FRP wraps for passive protection of RC structures (Gadve et al. 2008). In addition to passive protection, the FRP materials that are electrically conductive can be designed to offer active protection as well. With the FRP wraps acting as anode no other anode would be necessary. Therefore, the cost of active protection can be brought down significantly.

Likewise H+ ions may be the major cation transporting current during soil remediation (Ottosen et al 2008). Optimization of transport number for target ions could be of shared interest to the two methods. moisture content is insignificant (Saeem et al. 1996). In both soils and concretes the water content can vary significantly even over small distances. This means that the electric field strength can be expected to vary as well, because the water content influences the resistivity of the material.

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