Category: Environmental Policy

Environment and Empire (Oxford History of the British Empire by William Beinart

By William Beinart

Eu imperialism used to be terribly far-reaching: a key worldwide ancient strategy of the final 500 years. It locked disparate human societies jointly over a much broader sector than any prior imperial enlargement; it underpinned the repopulation of the Americas and Australasia; it used to be the precursor of globalization as we now comprehend it. Imperialism was once inseparable from the historical past of worldwide environmental switch. Metropolitan nations sought uncooked fabrics of all types, from trees and furs to rubber and oil. They tested sugar plantations that remodeled island ecologies. Settlers brought new tools of farming and displaced indigenous peoples. Colonial towns, a lot of which grew to become nice conurbations, essentially replaced relationships among humans and nature. client cultures, the inner combustion engine, and toxins at the moment are ubiquitous. Environmental heritage bargains with the reciprocal interplay among humans and different parts within the flora and fauna, and this ebook illustrates the various environmental topics within the heritage of empire. at first focusing on the cloth components that formed empire and environmental switch, surroundings and Empire discusses the best way British shoppers and brands sucked in assets that have been collected, hunted, fished, mined, and farmed. but it's also transparent that British settler and colonial states sought to control using typical assets in addition to commodify them. Conservation aimed to maintain assets by means of exclusion, as in flora and fauna parks and forests, and to assure effective use of soil and water. Exploring those associated issues of exploitation and conservation, this research concludes with a spotlight on political reassertions by way of colonised peoples over ordinary assets. In a post-imperial age, they've got came upon a brand new voice, reformulating principles approximately nature, panorama, and background and tough, at an area and international point, perspectives of who has the best to manage nature.

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The environment as hazard by Ian Burton

By Ian Burton

The disastrous results of traditional dangers akin to earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes are usually "called Acts of God." hard that view, the long-awaited moment version of this now vintage paintings depicts normal dangers as severe occasions in nature which are made much more risky by way of the acts or the forget of individuals. because the starting of the twentieth century, the toll on society as a result of such environmental episodes has replaced considerably in numerous ways--while fatalities from significant occasions have lowered, the variety of pronounced occasions inflicting a hundred or extra deaths, in addition to the level of estate harm, has risen progressively. offering a framework for interpreting what debts for those total developments, the surroundings AS chance deals an figuring out of the way humans around the globe take care of fluctuations within the neighborhood typical platforms of air, water, and terrain.

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Prioritization Theory and Defensive Foreign Policy : by Hanna Samir Kassab

By Hanna Samir Kassab

This e-book stories systemic vulnerabilities and their influence on states and person survival. the writer theorizes that the constitution of the foreign method is a made from the distribution of features and vulnerabilities throughout states. States functionality or behave when it comes to those systemic threats. the writer examines a couple of particular case-studies targeting army, financial, environmental, political and cyber vulnerabilities, and the way diversified states are impacted through them. Arguing that present makes an attempt to securitize those vulnerabilities via protective overseas regulations are principally failing, the books makes the case for prioritizing monetary improvement and human defense.

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Environmental Change and Sustainability by Steven Silvern and Stephen Young

By Steven Silvern and Stephen Young

Environments around the world are present process human-induced swap. Human inhabitants development, speedy urbanization, increasing international financial system, and the diffusion of western client existence are putting expanding strain on common and social structures. worldwide associations, realms, and native groups are searching for to spot and hire sustainable recommendations to those environmental and socio-economic demanding situations. Sustainability has emerged as a coverage discourse that seeks to stability the need and want for fiscal progress with the safety of our surroundings, and the advertising of social and environmental justice. Environments around the world are present process human-induced swap. Human inhabitants progress, swift urbanization, increasing worldwide financial system, and the diffusion of western buyer life are putting expanding strain on traditional and social structures. worldwide associations, geographical regions, and native groups are looking for to spot and hire sustainable options to those environmental and socio-economic demanding situations. Sustainability has emerged as a coverage discourse that seeks to stability the need and wish for financial development with the security of our environment, and the merchandising of social and environmental justice. This e-book contributes to the examine and look for sustainable responses to international environmental switch. The authors of this quantity discover environmental swap elsewhere around the globe and the varied responses to such alterations.

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Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former by Julian Agyeman

By Julian Agyeman

The legacy of environmental disaster within the states of the previous Soviet Union comprises desertification, pollutants, and the poisonous aftermath of commercial injuries, the main infamous of which was once the Chernobyl catastrophe of 1986. This publication examines the advance of environmental activism in Russia and the previous Soviet republics in accordance with those difficulties and its impression on coverage and making plans. It additionally exhibits that due to expanding fiscal, ethnic, and social inequality within the former Soviet states, debates over environmental justice are commencing to come to the fore. The e-book explores the various environmental, social, political, and fiscal conditions of those countries—which variety from the Western-style democracies of the Baltic states to the totalitarian regimes of principal Asia—and how they have an effect on the ecological, environmental, and public future health. one of the subject matters lined are environmentalism in Russia (including the innovative nature of its legislation on environmental security, that are undermined by means of the instability of the felony atmosphere and a failure to enforce laws); the impact of oil wealth on Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan; the function of nationalism in Latvian environmentalism; the fight of Russia's indigenous peoples for environmental justice; public participation in Estonia's environmental flow; and shortage of entry to typical capital in Tajikistan. Environmental Justice and Sustainability within the Former Soviet Union makes transparent that even supposing fragile transition economies, various levels of democratization, and a spotlight on nationwide protection can stymie growth towards "just sustainability," the varied states of the previous Soviet Union are making a few development towards sustainability and environmental justice. Contributors : Julian Agyeman, Caroline Campbell, Susan A. Crate, Brian Donahoe, Jessica ok. Graybill, Mati Heidmets, Laura A. Henry, Jüri Kruusvall, Katherine Metzo, Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger, Shannon O'Lear, Maaris Raudsepp, Tamara Steger, Dominic Stucker, Kate Watters city and commercial Environments sequence

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Creating a Climate for Change: Communicating Climate Change by Susanne C. Moser, Lisa Dilling

By Susanne C. Moser, Lisa Dilling

The necessity for potent communique, public outreach and schooling to extend aid for coverage, collective motion and behavior swap is ever current, and may be so much urgent within the context of anthropogenic weather switch. This ebook is the 1st to take a complete examine conversation and social swap in particular particular to weather switch. it's a distinct choice of principles analyzing the demanding situations linked to speaking weather swap with a purpose to facilitate societal reaction. It bargains well-founded, useful feedback on find out how to speak weather swap and the way to strategy comparable social swap extra successfully. The individuals of this booklet come from a various variety of backgrounds, from executive and academia to non-governmental and civic sectors of society. The booklet is accessibly written, and any really expert terminology is defined. will probably be of significant curiosity to educational researchers and pros in weather swap, environmental coverage, technological know-how verbal exchange, psychology, sociology and geography.

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Policy Legitimacy, Science and Political Authority: by Michael Heazle, John Kane

By Michael Heazle, John Kane

Voters count on their elected representatives to pursue reliable coverage and presume this can be securely based at the most sensible to be had wisdom. but while representatives emphasize their reliance on professional wisdom, they appear to defer to humans whose authority derives, no longer politically from the sovereign humans, yet from the presumed goal prestige in their disciplinary bases.

This publication examines the tensions among political authority and specialist authority within the formation of public coverage in liberal democracies. It goals to demonstrate and higher comprehend the character of those tensions instead of to argue particular methods of resolving them. a number of the chapters discover the complexity of interplay among the 2 kinds of authority in numerous coverage domain names so one can establish either universal components and alterations. The coverage domain names coated contain: weather geoengineering discourses; environmental health and wellbeing; biotechnology; nuclear energy; whaling; monetary administration; and using force.

This quantity will attract researchers and to convenors of post-graduate classes within the fields of coverage reports, international coverage decision-making, political technological know-how, environmental reviews, democratic process experiences, and technological know-how coverage studies.

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Emissions Trading for Climate Policy: US and European by Bernd Hansjürgens

By Bernd Hansjürgens

The 1997 Kyoto convention brought emissions buying and selling as a brand new coverage tool for weather safeguard. This book's contributions from the fields of economics, political technology and legislation study theoretical features of regulatory tools for weather coverage, supply an summary of U.S. adventure with market-based tools, draw classes from latest buying and selling schemes for the keep watch over of greenhouse gases, and talk about strategies for emissions buying and selling in weather coverage. in addition they spotlight the heritage of weather coverage and device selection within the U.S and Europe.

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Social Exclusion and Inner City Europe: Regulating Urban by S. Mangen

By S. Mangen

The searches via eu Union significant states for 'joined up' techniques to internal urban regeneration are tested thematically via a spotlight on coverage evolution because the mid-1970s. Key matters addressed contain the actual, social, employment, and concrete protection time table. The manufactured from long term examine, drawing on vast qualitative and quantitative resources at nationwide point, sponsored through in-depth case examine research of 5 huge towns, the e-book assesses how modern city rejuvenation is being regulated, together with the expanding contribution of the eu Union.

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Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental by Carlo Carraro, Gilbert E. Metcalf

By Carlo Carraro, Gilbert E. Metcalf

Most folk could agree that it is sensible to tax an organization that pollutes in a fashion that at once displays the quantity of environmental and social harm it has performed. but in perform, such taxes are fraught with hassle and feature far-reaching implications. an organization dealing with a brand new tax may well lay off employees, for instance, exacerbating an unemployment challenge. This quantity makes a speciality of such exterior matters and examines intimately the trade-offs interested in designing rules to accommodate environmental difficulties. Reflecting the wide nature of the topic, the participants comprise best economists within the components of public finance, business association, and exchange conception, in addition to environmental economists. Integrating either theoretical and empirical equipment, they learn environmental coverage layout because it pertains to place judgements, compliance charges, administrative charges, results on study and improvement, and foreign issue routine. laying off mild on a very complicated and critical subject, this assortment could be of curiosity to all these thinking about designing powerful environmental coverage.

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