Category: Elections

Rendezvous with Destiny: Ronald Reagan and the Campaign That by Craig Shirley

By Craig Shirley

As overdue as Election Day, headlines around the kingdom blared that the race used to be “too with regards to call.” Even at the verge of his ancient triumph within the 1980 presidential election, political observers persisted to underestimate Ronald Wilson Reagan. In Rendezvous with future, the long-awaited follow-up to his greatly praised account of Reagan’s rebel 1976 presidential crusade, Craig Shirley tells the tremendous behind-the-scenes tale of Reagan’s unbelievable run to the White apartment in 1980—of how the “too just about name” election grew to become a landslide victory over incumbent Jimmy Carter and autonomous candidate John Anderson. And this, Shirley indicates, used to be no usual election. It dramatically altered the process American—and world—history. Reagan’s victory gave upward push to a brand new new release of conservatism, ended liberalism’s half-century reign of dominance, reversed the second-worst fiscal problem in American background, and ended in the loss of life of the amazing Soviet Union. to jot down Rendezvous with future, Shirley received unparalleled entry to 1980 crusade documents and interviewed greater than a hundred and fifty insiders—from Reagan’s closest advisers and kin to Jimmy Carter himself. the result's the 1st finished heritage of the hard-fought 1980 crusade, a gripping account that follows Reagan’s not going direction from his sour defeat at the flooring of the 1976 Republican conference, via his underreported “wilderness years,” via grueling fundamental fights during which he knocked out numerous Republican heavyweights, via an often-nasty common election crusade complex via the presence of a third-party candidate (not to say the looming shadow of Ted Kennedy), to Reagan’s awesome victory on Election evening in 1980. Shirley’s years of extensive study have enabled him to narrate numerous untold stories—including, in the end, the answer to 1 of the main enduring mysteries in politics: simply how Reagan’s crusade obtained carry of Carter’s debate briefing books. Rendezvous with future finds how Reagan effectively battled the headwinds of the nationwide media, the Republican social gathering institution, or even his personal crusade crew to develop into certainly one of America’s maximum leader executives.

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Evaluation and Optimization of Electoral Systems (Monographs by Pietro Grilli di Cortona, Cecilia Manzi, Aline Pennisi,

By Pietro Grilli di Cortona, Cecilia Manzi, Aline Pennisi, Federica Ricca, Bruno Simeone

This monograph deals a scientific quantitative method of the research, evaluate, and layout of electoral platforms. at the present time, electoral reform is of shock to child democracies in addition to many aged ones. The authors use mathematical versions and automated tactics, whilst attainable, to unravel a few of the difficulties that come up within the comparability of current structures in addition to within the development of recent ones. One virtue of the publication is the emphasis on unmarried- and multiple-criteria optimization tools. This strong instrument equipment can help political researchers assessment and select a suitable electoral procedure. A basic formal version is incorporated in addition to a coding procedure to explain, establish, and classify electoral platforms. overview standards and the corresponding functionality symptoms are mentioned.

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(Un)intended consequences of EU parliamentary elections by Wouter van der Brug, Claes H. de Vreese

By Wouter van der Brug, Claes H. de Vreese

Whilst direct elections for the eu Parliament have been first prepared in 1979, the assumption used to be that such direct elections might bring up the democratic legitimacy and responsibility of the Parliament. furthermore, the elections have been anticipated to elevate public curiosity, engagement and aid for the eu venture. Did those elections support to extend legitimacy and responsibility? Did they raise curiosity in and aid for the 'European project'? Or, did those elections have unintentional (and maybe bad) results? This quantity makes a speciality of the implications of eu elections for public debate and involvement, for get together structures, and for public opinion.

EP elections have prompted a couple of meant effects: the salience of the elections within the media has long past up and through the years electoral festival turns into extra vital, carrying out the crusade will help increase ecu reviews, and Europe as a subject matter has turn into extra vital for vote casting at EP elections, boosting the superiority of so-called ecu vote casting. a couple of meant effects haven't materialized through the lifetime of the EP thus far: wisdom or turnout degrees haven't long past up and electorate haven't turn into greater at judging what political events are delivering. The EP elections have, although, additionally yielded a few unintentional effects: EP elections hose down turnout for first time electorate in next elections, EP elections reason transitority decline in european aid, and the elections became a strategic area for political events to place themselves on ecu matters and for brand spanking new routine and events to spice up or maintain their success.

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The Opinion Makers: An Insider Exposes the Truth Behind the by David W. Moore

By David W. Moore

On January eight, 2008, the date of the recent Hampshire basic, media pollsters made their largest prediction gaffe on account that dubbing Thomas Dewey a shoo-in to overcome incumbent president Harry S. Truman. 11 assorted polls forecast a great win by means of Barack Obama; in its place, Hillary Clinton took New Hampshire and recharged her candidacy. The months that in simple terms introduced extra dismal performances and contradictory results—undeniable facts that anything is extremely incorrect with the polling this day. It’s effortless to identify the election polls that go wrong. both deceptive and infrequently way more disastrous are polls misrepresenting public opinion on executive coverage. for example, within the interval major as much as the U.S. invasion of Iraq, each significant media ballot confirmed monstrous public help for a preemptive strike. honestly, there has been no majority of american citizens calling for battle. For the 1st time, David W. Moore—praised as a “scholarly crusader” through the hot York Times—reveals that pollsters don’t file public opinion, they manufacture it. they usually achieve this on the peril of our democratic approach. whereas critics cry foul over partisan favoritism within the mainstream media, what’s relatively at paintings is an influence bias that polls valid through supplying the stamp of public approval. Drawing on over a decade’s event on the Gallup ballot and a exotic educational profession in survey learn, Moore describes the questionable strategies pollsters use to create poll-driven information stories—including force-feeding respondents, slanting query wording, and ignoring public lack of expertise on even the main arcane matters. greater than facts that the numbers do lie, The Opinion Makers basically and convincingly spells out how pressing it really is that we make polls carry on their promise to observe, no longer manage, the heart beat of democracy.

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Intra-Party Politics and Coalition Governments (Routledge by Daniela Giannetti, Kenneth Benoit

By Daniela Giannetti, Kenneth Benoit

This booklet explores how intra-party politics impacts executive formation and termination in parliamentary structures, the place the norm is the formation of coalition governments. The authors glance past social gathering solidarity and self-discipline in parliamentary democracies to take a broader view, assuming a variety of personal tastes between social gathering participants after which exploring the incentives that provide upward thrust to coordinated social gathering behaviour on the electoral, legislative and govt degrees. The chapters during this booklet percentage a standard analytical framework, confronting theoretical versions of presidency formation with empirical information, a few drawn from cross-national analyses and others from theoretically established case reports. a particular characteristic of the ebook is that it explores the effect of intra-party politics at various degrees of presidency: nationwide, neighborhood and european. this provides the chance to enquire current theories of coalition formation in new political settings. ultimately, the ebook bargains quite a number leading edge tools for investigating intra-party politics which, for instance, creates a necessity to estimate the coverage positions of person politicians inside of political events. This e-book can be of curiosity to political scientists, particularly students concerned with examine on political events, parliamentary platforms, coalition formation and legislative behaviour, multilevel governance, ecu and ecu politics.

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Horses in Midstream: U. S. Midterm Elections and Their by Andrew E. Busch

By Andrew E. Busch

Horses in Midstream breaks the mildew of midterm election literature by means of concentrating on the implications of midterm elections instead of at the motives of the anti-administration trend of these elections. The ebook concludes that the midterm trend has fundamental results: it stymies the president and offers a chance for the revitalization of the competition get together -- and that numerical losses by means of the president's social gathering are relatively just a small a part of the equation. accordingly, midterm elections will be thought of an extra sign up the U.S. political approach, appearing as a mechanism that is helping to guarantee a coarse two-party balance.In studying the old effects from midterm elections relationship again to 1894 and increasing to the amazing result of 1994 and 1998, Busch has exposed seven constant ways that the president and his social gathering are harmed by way of midterm elections. those elections unfavorably modify the composition of congress, either among the events and in the president's personal celebration; they deprive the president of the plebiscitary strength derived from his unique electoral mandate; they provide an intangible experience of momentum to the competition social gathering, resulting in renewed possibilities for the competition to place ahead new leaders and to increase profitable matters; they exacerbate splits in the president's personal social gathering; and so they give you the competition social gathering with elevated party-building possibilities on the kingdom point. Busch additionally locations the midterm elections into 4 different types: "preparatory" midterms, which give a contribution to a next switch in occasion regulate of the presidency; "calibrating" midterms, within which citizens gradual yet don't opposite impressive sessions ofpresidentially pushed swap; "normal" midterms, while midterm elections stymie the president with no contributing to a White condo takeover; and the infrequent "creative exceptions" whilst an management escapes the midterm curse on the polls and unearths itself invigorated instead of weakened. Busch's new method of coverage experiences, his well-supported conclusions, and his transparent, constant variety will surely be of curiosity to political scientists and coverage analysts, and may translate good to the school room.

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The Australian Greens: From Activism to Australia's Third by Stewart Jackson

By Stewart Jackson

The Australian vegetables performed a pivotal function after the 2010 federal election. It ensured the Gillard minority executive went complete time period and gained its first condo of Representatives seat.

But what can we relatively find out about the vegetables in Australia? Is the celebration quite simply an extension of our environment flow or a certified celebration, in a position to influencing the most important events? This ebook examines the folks who make the celebration tick. Uncovers the participants and activists of the celebration.

The Australian vegetables: From Activism to Australia’s 3rd occasion asks even if the vegetables has made the transition from a house for tree-huggers and substitute lifestylers to a celebration able to paintings in executive.

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Level Playing Field for All?: Female Political Leadership by Leanne Doherty

By Leanne Doherty

What makes a candidate workable within the eyes of the citizens? What makes anyone certified to run for workplace? Why do electorate are inclined to decide on specific sorts of individuals and never others? How a lot are such traits rooted in huge characteristics-racial or ethnic staff, gender, etc.-versus extra idiosyncratic qualities, these tied to respective applicants' presentation of self? regardless of the broader concerns, it's transparent that thus far, ladies, compared to males, have confronted better hindrances to being visible as doable applicants for elected place of work. a degree enjoying box for All? examines applicants' use of activities in election campaigns that allows you to comprehend broader problems with candidate viability and particularly, the hurdles that girls needs to triumph over to accomplish political office.This e-book unearths the level to which athletic participation has develop into a social eligibility consider the good fortune of applicants for elected workplace. Doherty examines the position participation in athletics performed for ladies trying to run for workplace. She is going directly to appraises the ways that power cutbacks and already restricted possibilities for girls in activities may additional impact their possibilities to realize achievable candidate prestige.

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Anything for a Vote by Joseph Cummins

By Joseph Cummins

A historical past of Mud-Slinging, personality Assassination, And different Election innovations  Today’s political pundits convey surprise and unhappiness whilst applicants inn to adverse campaigning. yet background finds that smear campaigns are as American as apple pie. something for a Vote is an illustrated examine 200-plus years of soiled tips and undesirable habit in presidential elections, from George Washington to Barack Obama and John McCain. allow the name-calling commence!       •  1836: Congressman Davy Crockett accuses candidate Martin Van Buren of secretly wearing women’s garments: “He is laced up in corsets!”     •  1864: Presidential candidate George McClellan describes his opponent, Abraham Lincoln, as “nothing greater than a well-meaning baboon!”      •  1960: Former president Harry Truman advises electorate that “if you vote for Richard Nixon, you must visit hell!” Full of sleazy anecdotes from each presidential election in usa history, Anything for a Vote is a worthy reminder that background does repeat itself, that classes might be discovered from the prior (though and they aren’t), and that our most famed presidents aren't above reproach while it comes to the dirtiest online game of all—political campaigning.

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