Artificial Beings: The Conscience of a Conscious Machine by Jacques Pitrat

By Jacques Pitrat

This booklet demonstrates that not just is it attainable to create entities with either recognition and judgment of right and wrong, yet that these entities reveal them in methods diverse from our personal, thereby displaying a brand new form of realization.
Chapter 1 offering the Actors (pages 1–20):
Chapter 2 cognizance and moral sense (pages 21–34):
Chapter three What Does “Itself” suggest for a synthetic Being? (pages 35–65):
Chapter four a few facets of cognizance (pages 67–104):
Chapter five Why is Auto?observation priceless? (pages 105–141):
Chapter 6 the best way to detect Oneself (pages 143–172):
Chapter 7 The judgment of right and wrong (pages 173–194):
Chapter eight enforcing a sense of right and wrong (pages 195–218):
Chapter nine round the sense of right and wrong (pages 219–235):
Chapter 10 what's the destiny for CAIA? (pages 237–238):

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All the same, the conscience is related in both cases to the need to satisfy crucial goals. Therefore, when I am considering an artificial being, I include in the description of its “conscience” all the elements that favor the goals and the actions defined as good by its leader of the bootstrap, that is, which enable it to satisfy his goals and which incite it not to commit actions which he considers as wrong. Some goals are the achievement of a task while other goals are needed so that the artificial being can correctly work; for instance, it must not damage itself.

A computer may be outside of the robot and communicate by a wire or a radio link. When the artificial being is only made up of programs, such as CAIA, everything is in a computer. Thus, the part of an artificial being that controls it is made up of a computer and of some programs, which I will call the brain of the artificial being, by analogy with the role of the human brain. Yet, the brain of an artificial being often has no clear boundary. The physical boundaries Thus, the brain of an artificial being includes a computer and a set of programs, and the individual seems physically defined by its brain, and possibly by its effectors and its sensors if it is a robot.

This particularly appears in the mirror test, where someone has to recognize that the image in the mirror is an image of himself. Can he see that the image reproduces exactly all of his movements? If we mark a part of his body with a dye spot, will he try to remove it? After 18 months of age, human beings succeed in this test, but apes and elephants also pass it. Evidently, CAIA cannot succeed in these tests, since it has no physical image. A more serious limitation is that it has no idea that it exists and that there are other beings.

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