Arabic Versions of the Pentateuch: A Comparative Study of by Ronny Vollandt

By Ronny Vollandt

This paintings bargains a seminal learn into Arabic translations of the Pentateuch. it's no exaggeration to talk of this box as a terra incognita. Biblical types in Arabic have been produced over many centuries, at the foundation of a variety of resource languages (Hebrew, Syriac, Greek, or Coptic), and in various contexts. The textual proof for this learn is completely in accordance with a corpus of approximately a hundred and fifty manuscripts, containing the Pentateuch in Arabic or elements thereof.

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Extra info for Arabic Versions of the Pentateuch: A Comparative Study of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Sources

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42 Saadiah’s Tafsīr, as found in the Constantinople Polyglot, is cited frequently in Hebrew script; see Alastair Hamilton, “ ‘Nam Tirones Sumus’: Franciscus Raphelengius’ Lexicon Arabico-Latinum,” De Gulden Passer 66–67 (1988–1989): 557–589. 43 Citations from Giustiniani’s Psalter are usually introduced by “Porrò arabicus,” from the name of its printer, Pietro Paolo Porrò. 44 In fact, the entire dictionary is based on Savary de Brèves’ Dauidis Regis et Prophetae Psalmi (Romae: Ex Typographia Savariana.

He served as cantor and warden of the Babylonian congregation of Old Cairo at the time of the nagīd Abraham ben Maimon (1186–1237). One of these documents refers to Abū al-Majd’s masterful recitation of Saadiah’s Tafsīr. The collaboration is described as follows (fol. 1v): In his hand was a copy in Hebrew letters, from which he read aloud in Arabic. In my hand I held the present copy in Arabic letters, which is prefaced by these words. While Abū al-Majd read aloud, the anonymous author marked all variants in his copy in order to restore features of Saadiah’s translation that had been corrupted or lost in the Coptic transmission.

34 Spey edited Galatians from an Arabic manuscript of the Palatine Library, Heidelberg, now Vatican, BAV, MS Ar. 23. , Bibliotheca Palatina. Katalog zur Ausstellung vom 8. Juli bis 2 November 1986 Heiliggeistkirche Heidelberg (Heidelberg: Edition Braus, 1986), Textband, 418–419. 35 Based on the same manuscript used by Spey; see above. 40 Moreover, it was from these Arabic print versions of the Bible that early dictionaries, such as Bedwell’s unpublished work,41 Raphelengius’ Lexicon Arabico-Latinum,42 Schindler’s Lexicon Pentaglotton,43 and Duval’s Dictionarium Latino-Arabicum,44 drew much of their lexicographic material.

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