Applied Coal Petrology. The Role of Petrology in Coal by Isabel Suárez-Ruiz and John C. Crelling (Eds.)

By Isabel Suárez-Ruiz and John C. Crelling (Eds.)

Content material:
About the Editors

, Page xi
Contributing Authors

, Pages xiii-xiv, John C. Crelling, Joan S. Esterle, Robert B. Finkelman, Stephen F. Greb, Gareth D. Mitchell, Jack C. Pashin, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Nicola J. Wagner, Colin R. Ward, M. Coertzen, R.H. Matjie, J.C. van Dyk

, Page xv

, Pages xvii-xviii
Chapter 1 - advent to utilized Coal Petrology

, Pages 1-18, Colin R. Ward, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz
Chapter 2 - easy components Controlling Coal caliber and Technological habit of Coal

, Pages 19-59, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Colin R. Ward
Chapter three - Mining and Beneficiation

, Pages 61-83, Joan S. Esterle
Chapter four - Coal Combustion

, Pages 85-117, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Colin R. Ward
Chapter five - Coal Gasification

, Pages 119-144, Nicola J. Wagner, M. Coertzen, R.H. Matjie, J.C. van Dyk
Chapter 6 - Direct Coal Liquefaction

, Pages 145-171, Gareth D. Mitchell
Chapter 7 - Coal Carbonization

, Pages 173-192, John C. Crelling
Chapter eight - Coal-Derived Carbon Materials

, Pages 193-225, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, John C. Crelling
Chapter nine - Coal as a petrol resource Rock and Reservoir Rock

, Pages 227-262, Jack C. Pashin
Chapter 10 - Environmental and wellbeing and fitness Impacts

, Pages 263-287, Robert B. Finkelman, Stephen F. Greb
Chapter eleven - different purposes of Coal Petrology

, Pages 289-301, John C. Crelling, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz

, Pages 303-380

, Pages 381-388

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Extra info for Applied Coal Petrology. The Role of Petrology in Coal Utiliztion

Sample text

The inorganic elements are usually expelled from the organic matter as the maceral structures change with rank advance (Filby and van Berkel, 1987). However, the expulsion may be inhibited in some cases. For example, microprobe studies by Ward et al. (2007) found significant concentrations of Ca and Al in the macerals of several bituminous coals together with perhydrous vitrinites and anomalously low reflectance properties. Elements occurring in nonmineral inorganic form are generally more reactive than the same elements occurring in crystalline mineral phases when the coal is used.

9, which compares a humic coal and a torbanite taken from nearby mines almost equal in rank. ASTM D388-99 (1999a) does note that the ASTM rank classification is to be used only in the case of vitrinite-rich coals. Volatile matter is used as a rank parameter only above the high volatile A/medium volatile bituminous boundary, for 31% volatile matter (dry, mineral-matter free basis; dmmf), the point where the chemistry of liptinites converges with the chemistry1 of vitrinite. Although not a measurement of coal rank, the definition of exactly what constitutes coal is tied to the basic chemical analysis.

F. K. Diessel, R. Littke, and P. de). , 1982). The degree of heterogeneity in a microlithotype is also important in its technological behavior, particularly in carbonization (see Chapter 7), combustion (see Chapter 4), and gasification (see Chapter 5) processes. , 1982). These changes can be quantified by petrographic assessment of the microlithotypes in relevant coal samples. Microlithotype Analysis Microlithotype analysis is used to determine the relative proportions of the various microlithotypes and coal-mineral associations (carbominerites) present in a coal sample (ICCP, 1963).

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