Applied biochemistry and bioengineering by Ichiro Chibata, Lemuel B. Wingard

By Ichiro Chibata, Lemuel B. Wingard

Immobilized Microbial Cells, quantity four offers an outline of the equipment of immobilization, purposes, and methods of using immobilized microbial cells and subcellular organelles and chloroplasts as biocatalysts.

This quantity is constituted of seven chapters. It starts with the old heritage of immobilized cellphone study. next chapters concentrate on the equipment of immobilization and functions of immobilized microbial cells, dwelling cells, and organelles. The final chapters talk about fuel construction of immobilized cells for power iteration and the chemical engineering research of immobilized-cell systems.

The e-book might be of serious use to chemists and chemical engineers.

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Industrial applications, however, are not likely anymore. B. Polymeric Networks from Oligomeric Precursors Preparing a polymer from oligomeric rather than from monomeric precursors has three advantages: (1) the number of molecules in the system (and thus in contact with cells) is smaller, (2) their size (which may control transport through the cell wall) is larger, and (3) the heat of reaction is reduced according to the degree of polymerization of the precursor. All three factors are advantageous in reducing toxic influ­ ences on the cells.

Biotechnol Lett. 3, 651. Day, D. F. (1982). Enzyme Eng. 6, 343-345.

So the yield very much depends on the choice of organisms. 7. The aspects given in (6) also hold for cell viability. Precipitation systems are unlikely to be successful; however, in gelation sys­ tems very high yields of viable cells have been found. This applies for agar and especially κ-carrageenan. 3. lonotropic Gelation Two laboratories mainly contributed to the development of this method (Hackel et al, 1975; Kierstan and Bucke, 1977; Klein and Wagner, 1978). From this group the cross-linking of alginates with Ca^"*" is by far the most popular method.

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