Agricultural Development in Jiangnan, 1620–1850 by Bozhong Li

By Bozhong Li

The writer makes a radical research of adjustments in key components of creation and in styles of enlargement in agricultural construction in China's Yangzi delta throughout the 3 centuries ahead of 1850, leading to a rise in either land and exertions productiveness.

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In the century after 1850 the situation seems to have become more favourable to Jiangnan agricultural development than before. First, modem technology entered China from the West and modem industry was gradually established in Jiangnan. Second, Jiangnan's external markets also expanded following China's immersion in the world economy. Third, the 'population pressure' on cultivated land in Jiangnan was lifted after 1850 with the loss of half its population due to the Taiping Rebellion (1853--64 in Jiangnan).

The past continues into the present, as today's achievements are the result of the adaption of the successful production patterns of the past to the new conditions of the present. BASIC WORKS IN QING JIANGNAN AGRICULTURE AND IMPORT ANT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION TERMINOLOGY Early and mid-Qing Jiangnan agriculture is very different not only from modem Western agriculture, but also from pre-modem European agriculture. 14 Overview As it then may constitute an unfamiliar form of production to many Western readers, let me make a brief introduction of the basic production processes and methods.

Because this estimate is even lower than the provincial figures for 1937 Jiangsu and 1949 Zhejiang, it is unlikely to be higher than what the double cropping indices were in the 1920s and 1930s, though it does not accord with some results of 1920s and 1930s surveys. Qing sources from which to create a multi-cropping index do not exist, but other evidence suggests that mid-Qing levels of mUlti-cropping might be much higher than those of the 1920s and 1930s in Jiangnan. Chen Hengli has found major differences between the Jiaxing-Huzhou agricultural economy of the 1921-49 period and the period before the mid-Qing, in particular the post-1856 sharp decline of winter crops (wheat, beans and rapeseed).

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