Advances in the Theory of the Lexicon (Interface by Dieter Wunderlich

By Dieter Wunderlich

The ebook investigates the interface constitution of the lexicon from a number of views, together with typology and processing. It surveys paintings on verb periods, verb-noun similarities, semantic representations, suggestions and structures of polysynthetic languages, examine at the processing of inflectional and derivational components, and new paintings on inheritance-based community versions. The ebook may be of curiosity to researchers and complicated scholars in all fields of linguistics and within the cognitive sciences.

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However, theoretical conceptions should be compatible with psycholinguistic findings. Consequently, we will only be concerned with the notion of the theoretical lexicon in the following. 2. 1. The lexicon in Structural Linguistics The founding father of Structural Linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure, discusses in his (posthumously edited) lectures the lexicon only in a marginal way. ” [‘A declination is neither a list of forms nor a series of logical abstractions but a combination of both: forms and functions are in complete solidarity; it is difficult if not impossible to separate them’].

Including the mainstream in derivational Generative Grammar as well as most other approaches to linguistics, however, there is agreement that the set of irregular linguistic information plays a significant role in modelling linguistic knowledge. Especially in the Bloomfieldian tradition of Structural Linguistics, this set was captured by the term lexicon, indicating the second concept expressed by this word. The exact amount of such irregularities depends on the concomitant analysis of grammar as well as on the question of what types of items belong into the structuralist lexicon.

Examples are Declarative Phonology (Scobbie, Coleman & Bird 1996), Sign-Based Morphology (Orgun 1998) and Word Design (Neef 1996), the latter being an approach that emphasizes the notion of morphological constructions. Interestingly enough, a declarative approach allows to standardize the modes of description of both regular and irregular knowledge, while in Generative Grammar there is a distinction between irregular (lexical) knowledge captured in declarative statements and regular knowledge captured in procedural rules.

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