Advances in Technology and Management: Proceedings of the by Lianfang Zhu, Ligang Dong, Chuanhuang Li (auth.), Haenakon

By Lianfang Zhu, Ligang Dong, Chuanhuang Li (auth.), Haenakon Kim (eds.)

This booklet Advances in expertise and administration includes 116 complete size papers provided on the foreign convention on know-how and administration, hung on June 12-13, 2012, Jeju-Island, Korea. The objective of ICTAM 2012 is to collect researchers operating in lots of assorted components of know-how and administration to foster foreign collaborations and trade of recent ideas.

This quantity should be divided into sections at the foundation of the type of manuscripts thought of. the 1st part bargains with expertise. the second one element of this quantity contains management.

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Extra resources for Advances in Technology and Management: Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Technology and Management (ICTAM 2012), International Convention Center Jeju, Jeju-Island, Korea

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The water H. ): Advances in Technology and Management, AISC 165, pp. 29–35. com © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 30 K. Hu, Y. Li, and X. Guan Fig. 1. System Construction diagram which flow into the storage pool from the water tank is extracted to the tank by the constant voltage pump to take water circulation. System construction diagram is shown in Figure 1. 3 Flow System Model The manipulating and manipulated parameter of the control loops are both flow, its q2 dv = PA − 2 P0 dt C (1) where, M is the total mass of fluid within the pipe system; v is the average velocity of fluid.

X '=⎢ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢⎣ x 'n1 x 'n 2 ... x 'nm ⎥⎦ ............ ............ (1) As each indicator has different dimension and magnitude, calculating by direct using of original data maybe highlight the role of some indicators, particularly the one with great magnitude, which will reduce or even exclude the role of some indicators with small magnitude, leading to the result that as long as an indicator change its units, it will also change the classification results. Therefore, the raw data must be nondimensional quantities, so that each value of index unified in a certain range of common data characteristics.

R = ⎢ ⎢ .. .. . . ⎢ .. . ... . ⎢ ⎢⎣ rn 1 rn 2 ... rn m 39 ⎤ ⎥ ⎥ ⎥ ⎥. ⎥ ⎥ ⎥ ⎥⎦ (3) There are many ways to calculate rij . We adopt Euclidean distance method in this article. The formula of this method as follows: m ∑ (x rij = 1 − M k =1 where M is a constant which makes 0 ≤ rij ik − x jk )2 (4) ≤ 1 . 1 in order to facilitate the calculation. 3 Calculate Fuzzy Equivalent Matrix Under normal circumstances, a fuzzy similarity matrix only meets the reflexivity and symmetry, but R must be a fuzzy equivalence matrix, that is, to satisfy the transitivity.

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