A Reference Grammar of Tamazight: a comparative study of the by Ernest T. Abdel-Massih
[w] bdu f:u 8. W t=) ty ï»¿Referenc-e Grammar Tamazight Phonology 9.
Notice that in pronouncing the plain non-emphatic consonant the position of the tip of the tongue is dental for, let us say /t/ and the back of the tongue is depressed whereas in pronouncing its em- phatic counterpart /t/, the tip of the tongue is touch- ing the alveolar ridge and the back of the tongue is raised up toward the velum. Also, note that in the case of the pronunciation of an emphatic consonant the lip muscles are contracted and the lips are extended ventrally whereas they are relaxed when pronouncing the plain consonants.