A manual of the Aramaic language of the Babylonian Talmud: by Max Margolis

By Max Margolis

PREFACE way back to 18~4, Professor H~R,.'SANN L. S'l'RAClC, {If the college of Berlin 1 who ]la.d fa.vorably spotted my firEt tv-o courses, either facing t]1O textual ('riticism of the Talmud, suggeste(l to me the writing nf a piece to aU intents a.nd pnrposos related' to the vresent one. The plan was once elahorMtell intimately, and 1 aetu<'llly 1907="" commenced="" work="" on="" u·="" number="" of="" larger="" texts.="" soon,="" however,="" i="" realized="" that="" with="" the="" meaus="" at="" my="" dis·="" posnl="" it="" ,vas="" impossible="" for="" me="" to="" arrive="" (l,="" satisfactory="" form="" text.="" lioreover,="" professional="" lying="" in="" other="" t1irections,="" was="" forced="" aba.ndoll="" tbe="" time="" being="" ;111="" t]lolight="" prosecuting="" this="" plan.="" vllcn="" jn="" autumn="" visited="" germany,="" prof.="" strack="" urged="" mc="" let="" go="" a="" while="" septua.gint="" studies="" and="" t.o="" resume="" tllat="" long="" neglect.ell.="" piece="" 'l'almudic="" work.="" 'vith="" aid="" .t="" u.dm(="" .="" se~l's="" :i;~n="" ;"1"ilrp,="" israt;.l="" ~hchels'r;d'l"s="" p~i'="" ",~,="" moyse="" scl
Table of Contents

CONTENTS; Grammar; creation (§ 1-3); The Aramaic Idiom of the Babylonian Talmud Its; position quite often Aramaic ; Script and Orthography ; lIeans of }'ixing the V ccalization ; I Phonology (§ 4-7); The Consonants and their Cbanges · ·; The Vowels and their adjustments · · · Syllabic Loss lack of Sounds via Col1ocation; of 'Vords within the Sentence ; The accessory · · ·; II Morphology (§ 8-41); A The Pronoun (§ 8-11); own Pronoun · ·; Demonstrative Pronoun; ReJative Pronoun · · · Interrogath'c Pronoun ·; B The Noun (§ 12-23); (a) The :8ominal Steme (§ 12-1S); · ·; · · ·; · · ·; ·; · · ·; IJnge; 1; three; 7; eight; 10; 15; 15; sixteen; 17; 18; IS; § 12 PrcJiolinary comments 19; § thirteen § 14 'l'riconsonanlal ~ominal Stems with Yowel Gr:lc13tion 22; § t five 'With the center Hadical Geminate 22; § sixteen, 'Vith Prefixcs '25; § 17, Plurieonsonantal Stems 25; § 18 Denominati"es shaped via me:lnS o~ Aftortnath-c8 2G; (b) Inflection (§ 19-22); § t nine Infleetiona} Endings , • , ,

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Sample text

8 41). 811). Personal Pronoun. The personal pronoun appears either as an independent subject-form or as a suffixed form indicating possession (with nouns) or the object (with verbs). But even the subject-form coalesces in the 1. and 2. person with the adjectival or participial predicate to such an extent that the pronoun may assume the form of a mere b suffix. Table: Tab. II. Demonstrative Pronoun. 9. 5 ^ s. || 17 $ For "(insx no reference is available. t 4j. 48 b; 63 c) also in the later language.

Sn (xpbin), ",33^ (Tia' ^), etc. , and in the imperf. and T T infin. Pe al of i"is verbs (cf. 38). 1 ! Note 3. In using the table for words of more than two/? should be had in mind. The vowel of syllables, the following the open syllable next preceding the accented syllable suffers When then further back an open syllable with a long vowel precedes, a closed syllable is the result, in which the long reduction. The Vowels and & 14 vowel their Changes. protected by a mcteg: fiFh*aa. x, xrjino and xrts'ro (xrWTa), xn"!?.

I X 1 ^. (with simplification at the end) the at end: x^Biy, xVns, xn^oix. e. Other nouns X1X1S, xmpy, xi^Dy, : XDIW (Assyrian c loan-word); f. ; also the adjective in shortened form xtsn. 26 18. IS. 18. Denominatives formed by means of Afformatives. IV. Denominatives formed by means of Afformatives. The afformative a adjectives nouns; or and and adjectives from abstract added pleonastically, without effecting is it serves to form abstract nouns from participles, a change in the meaning. fc an -1 -an (-en, -in): the nature of xrp^w; frx 4.

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