A History of Ornithology (Collins New Naturalist Library, by Peter Bircham

By Peter Bircham

What did we all know approximately birds one thousand years in the past, and the way has our realizing constructed? 'A heritage of Ornithology' deals an entire historical past of birdwatching in Britain, a vintage for each nature lover's bookshelf. at the present time there's a large curiosity in birdwatching as a pastime, and through the years beginner birdwatchers have contributed drastically to our knowing of the birds round us. even as, ornithology has constructed as a technological know-how – within the box, within the laboratory, and within the universities – and birds have performed their half in pushing ahead the frontiers of organic wisdom. Peter Bircham seems to be on the heritage of British ornithology, spanning a millennium and exploring alongside the way in which the 1st chicken publication, the earliest British lists, a number of extraordinary scientists, creditors and artists, the 1st reports of migration, and the demanding situations provided through category. He lines the improvement of the British Ornithologists' Union and different organizations, and finishes with a evaluation of the present nation of ornithology in Britain. 'A heritage of Ornithology' is an authoritative and engrossing account, packed jam-packed with interesting tales – not just concerning the birds but additionally in regards to the many vibrant characters who've studied them during the a while. This superbly illustrated e-book will carry nice charm either for the coed of ornithology and for the enthusiastic beginner naturalist.

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Extra resources for A History of Ornithology (Collins New Naturalist Library, Volume 104)

Sample text

Du nord-ouest au sud-est, l’axe de ce territoire est formé par le fleuve Pastaza, depuis sa jonction avec le Copataza, à une cinquantaine de kilomètres à l’est des premiers contreforts de la cordillère des Andes, jusqu’à sa réunion avec le Huasaga, deux cent cinquante kilomètres plus au sud (doc. 2). La limite septentrionale de la zone d’occupation achuar est constituée par le Pindo Yacu, qui devient le Tigre, après sa confluence avec le Conambo à la frontière du Pérou. Dans sa partie péruvienne, le Tigre forme la limite orientale de l’expansion des Achuar, jusqu’à la hauteur de sa jonction avec le Corrientes.

Les Péruviens, en revanche, contrôlaient le réseau fluvial du Maranon et pénétraient régulièrement par des rivières acces­ sibles aux petits vapeurs (Santiago, Morona, Pastaza et Tigre) dans ces territoires situés au nord du Maranon, sur lesquels la souveraineté nationale de l’Equateur n’avait pas les moyens de se faire respecter. En 1941, ce grignotage progressif aboutit à une guerre ouverte entre les deux pays, qui permit au Pérou d’annexer une grande portion de l’Amazonie équatorienne qu’il avait déjà en partie infiltrée auparavant.

Si l’eau terrestre devient malgré tout culinaire, c’est à la suite d’un détournement sémantique qui la domes­ tique en deux étapes : une fois puisée, l’eau de la rivière, entza, se trans­ forme en yumi, eau céleste potable non bue comme telle, puis de yumi elle devient nijiamanch (bière de manioc), par la magie du processus de fermen tation qui la rend enfin socialement propre à la consommation. Quant à la véritable eau de pluie, yumi, elle n’est jamais utilisée dans la cuisine, faute de vaisseaux appropriés pour la recueillir.

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