A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: Core Vocabulary by Tony McEnery, Richard Xiao, Paul Rayson

By Tony McEnery, Richard Xiao, Paul Rayson

A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese is a useful device for all newbies of Mandarin chinese language, supplying a listing of the 5,000 phrases and the 2,000 chinese language characters (simplified) most accepted within the language. in accordance with a fifty-million-word corpus composed of spoken, fiction, non-fiction and information texts in present use, the dictionary offers the consumer with an in depth frequency-based record, in addition to alphabetical and part-of-speech indexes.

All entries within the frequency record function the English identical and a pattern sentence with English translation. The Dictionary additionally includes thirty thematically geared up lists of often used phrases on numerous themes resembling nutrients, climate, shuttle and time expressions.

A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese permits scholars of all degrees to maximise their research of Mandarin vocabulary in an effective and interesting method. it's also an exceptional source for academics of the language.

A CD model is out there to buy individually. Designed to be used by way of corpus and computational linguists it presents the entire textual content in a structure that researchers can technique and switch into appropriate lists for his or her personal examine work.

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Extra resources for A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: Core Vocabulary for Learners (Routledge Frequency Dictionaries)

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While enduring, strategic culture can evolve over time and/or undergo dramatic transformation as a result of major disruptions, such as defeat in war, invasion or occupation, and the emergence of a radically new political system, leader, or philosophical outlook. Such was the case with Japan and Germany after defeat in World War II and also with the Soviet Union in the mid-1980s after accession to power of Mikhail S. ). 9 The change seems to be more one of perception rather than reality. Why then was the change in the thrust of scholarship in the 1990s significantly different from that of the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s?

Nor did core American beliefs in the fundamental rights of man prevent the United States government from oppressing African Americans, through slavery and later segregation, and rolling westward to conquer native Americans. While the leaders of most countries tend to believe they use military power in a strictly defensive manner,70 this cluster of beliefs seems to be particularly inviolable among the Chinese. In the broad realm of security policy (both internal and external), two guiding principles counter the fundamental tenets noted previously: (1) a strong reverence for national unification, and (2) a heightened sense of threat perception.

This kind of defense, however, ought not be passive defense; instead, it should 34 P1: GCO CY236-04 0 52181979 2 June 14, 2003 15:41 The Chinese Cult of Defense be guided by the strategic principle of active defense. . 120 According to Deng “ . . active defense is not merely defense per se, but includes defensive offensives. ”121 Senior Colonel Wang Naiming explains: [active defense] . . emphasizes that the nature of our military strategy is defensive, but also active in requirements. 123 In a real sense, then, the line between offense and defense is blurred.

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